نقل مئات آلاف الهنود إلى الملاجئ هربا من إعصار فايلين More than 600,000 people evacuated

رئيس التحرير
2017.11.23 01:12

 

يجتاح إعصار فايلين القوي خليج البنغال متجها صوب الساحل الشرقي للهند.

ومن المتوقع أن يجتاح الإعصار، الذي صنفته وكالات الأرصاد الجوية على أنه "بالغ القوة" ولايتي أوديشا وأندرا برادش الهنديتين السبت.

وتوقعت هيئة الإرصاد الجوية الهندية أن يثير الإعصار رياحا تصل قوتها إلى220 كيلومترا في الساعة.

وكان إعصار هائل القوة قد قتل أكثر من 10 آلاف شخص في ولاية أوديشا عام 1999.

غير أن المسؤولين الهنود يقولون إنهم أكثر استعدادا للإعصار هذه المرة.

وكانت الأمطار قد هطلت وهبت الرياح على الساحل الشرقي للهند. وحذرت الحكومة من أضرار بالغة عندما يصل إعصار فايلين.

وأوضحت لقطات بالقمر الصناعي أن الإعصار أصبح صباح السبت على بعد نحو 300 كيلومتر من الشاطيء ومن المتوقع أن يصل إلى اليابسة ليلا.

وقال مسؤولون إنه من المتوقع أن يؤثر على 12 مليون شخص.

الصلاة في المساجد والمعابد

وتجمع المسلمون والهندوس في المساجد والمعابد في ولاية أوديشا للصلاة تضرعا حتى لا يكون الإعصار فايلين مدمرا.

وأوضحت لقطات تلفزيونية العائلات وهي تتجه إلى المخابيء وسط هطول الأمطار والرياح تقطع أفرع أشجار. وترك السياح شاطيء بوري ووجه مسؤولون تحذيرات عبر مكبرات صوت وفي الراديو والتلفزيون.

وقال مسؤول الاغاثة "سرعة الرياح تشتد.. الناس الذين لم يحرصوا من قبل على الذهاب مستعدون الآن."

وقال مسؤولون إنه من المتوقع أن يحتمي نحو نصف مليون شخص في مدارس ومبان أقوى عندما يضرب الإعصار اليابسة. وغادر 60 ألف شخص على الأقل منازلهم في اندرا براديش القريبة.

وحذرت السلطات من أضرار بالغة في المحاصيل والمباني ومن انقطاع الكهرباء والمياه وخدمات السكك الحديدية. وألغيت عطلات موظفي الحكومة ونقلت مؤن إلى المخابيء.

Super cyclone moving at 167mph hits the east coast of India: More than 600,000 people evacuated

  • 125mph winds have hit east coast states Orissa and Andhra Pradesh
  • Around 600,000 have been evacuated from the area, state officials say
  • Satellite images from this morning show cyclone filling almost the entire Bay of Bengal area - an area the size of France
  • Winds of up to 168mph predicted by Meteorologial Department
  • A deadly super-cyclone in 1999 killed more than 10,000 people in the area

 

A powerful super-cyclone is battering the east coast of India after making land earlier this afternoon with  more than 600,000 people already evacuated from their homes. 

Categorised as very severe by weather forecasters, Cyclone Phailin, is expected to hit Orissa and Andhra Pradesh states the hardest.

The U.S. Navys Joint Typhoon Warning Center in Hawaii showed maximum sustained winds of about  138mph, with gusts up to 167mph.

 
Storm: Cyclone Phailin has made land on Indias east coast with winds being measured at up to 167mph

Storm: Cyclone Phailin has made land on Indias east coast with winds being measured at up to 167mph

 

 
A woman walks past a pig during heavy rain in the Indian state of Orissa, which is expected to endure some of the worst damage

A woman walks past a pig during heavy rain in the Indian state of Orissa, which is expected to endure some of the worst damage

 
The storm is expected to affect 12 million people, most of them in the densely populated states of Odisha and Andhra Pradesh

The storm is expected to affect 12 million people, most of them in the densely populated states of Odisha and Andhra Pradesh

 

A few hours before it hit land, the eye of the storm collapsed, spreading the hurricane force winds out over a larger area and giving it a igger damage footprint .

U.S meterologist Jeff Masters, said: Its probably a bad thing it was doing this when it made landfall. Much of the housing in India is unable to withstand even a much weaker hurricane.

This is a remarkably strong storm. Its going to carry hurricane-force winds inland for about 12 hours, which is quite unusual. 

Hurricanes typically lose much of their force when they hit land, where there is less heat-trapping moisture feeding energy into the storm.

As the cyclone swept across the Bay of Bengal toward the Indian coast, satellite images showed its spinning tails covering an area larger than France.

Images appeared to show the storm making landfall early Saturday night near Gopalpur.

 

 

 
A boy struggles to hold on to his umbrella as he moves a herd of cows along a road in Andhra Pradesh

A boy struggles to hold on to his umbrella as he moves a herd of cows along a road in Andhra Pradesh

 

 
Deluge: Indian people struggle through heavy rain in the Ganjam district of Orissa

Deluge: Indian people struggle through heavy rain in the Ganjam district of Orissa

 

 
Take shelter: People run for cover following a cyclone warning at Gopalpur beach in Odisha, India

Take shelter: People run for cover following a cyclone warning at Gopalpur beach in Odisha, India

 

With some of the worlds warmest waters, the Indian Ocean is considered a cyclone hot spot, and some of the deadliest storms in recent history have come through the Bay of Bengal, including a 1999 cyclone that also hit Orissa and killed 10,000 people.

Officials said early reports of deaths from Phailin won become clear until after daybreak Sunday.

In Behrampur, a town about 10 kilometers (7 miles) inland from where the eye of the storm hit, the sky blackened quickly around the time of landfall, with heavy winds and rains pelting the empty streets.

Window panes shook and shattered against the wind. Outside, objects could be heard smashing into walls.

My parents have been calling me regularly ... they are worried, said Hemant Pati, 27, who was holed up in a Behrampur hotel with 15 other people from the coastal town hit first by the storm.

The hotel manager said he would bar the doors against anyone trying to enter, saying there would be food, water and electricity from generators only for guests of the Hotel Jyoti Residency. Nobody can come inside, and nobody can go out, Shaik Nisaruddin said.

Scroll down for video

 
Battering: The powerful cyclone Phailin has hit the east coast of India bringing destructive winds and heavy rains

Battering: The powerful cyclone Phailin has hit the east coast of India bringing destructive winds and heavy rains

 

 
An Indian rickshaw man pedals through heavy rain in Berhampur, India. Over half a million people have already been evacuated from Indias impoverished east coast in preparation for the cyclone

An Indian rickshaw man pedals through heavy rain in Berhampur, India. Over half a million people have already been evacuated from Indias impoverished east coast in preparation for the cyclone

 

 
Evacuation: A woman carries her baby as she moves to a safer place with others members of the Donkuru village in the southern Indian state of Andhra Pradesh

Evacuation: A woman carries her baby as she moves to a safer place with others members of the Donkuru village in the southern Indian state of Andhra Pradesh

 

 
Waves crash on the Bengal coast in Vishakhapatnam, India. Categorised as very severe by weather forecasters, Cyclone Phailin, is expected to hit Orissa and Andhra Pradesh states the hardest

Gales: Waves crash on the Bengal coast in Vishakhapatnam, India. Categorised as very severe by weather forecasters, Cyclone Phailin, is expected to hit Orissa and Andhra Pradesh states the hardest

 

 
The Meteorological Department predicted winds up to 136mph, with initial reports suggesting 125mph have already hit the coast

The Meteorological Department predicted winds up to 136mph, with initial reports suggesting 125mph have already hit the coast

 

 
A shepherd holds on to his umbrella as he stands with his flock in Andhra Pradesh. The cyclone threatens to cut a wide swathe of devastation through farmland and fishing hamlets

A shepherd holds on to his umbrella as he stands with his flock in Andhra Pradesh. The cyclone threatens to cut a wide swathe of devastation through farmland and fishing hamlets

 

Aid agencies are gearing up to help the people in coastal town as the country braces itself for the biggest cyclone in 14 years.

By Friday evening, some 600,000 people had been moved to higher ground or shelters in Orissa, said Surya Narayan Patro - the states top disaster management official.

 

About 12 hours before Cyclone Phailins expected landfall, meteorologists held out hope that it might hit while in a temporary weakened state.

However, recent satellite images showed the cyclone filling nearly the entire Bay of Bengal, an area larger than France.

The Indian Meteorological Department warned that cyclone Phailin was expected to hit with maximum sustained winds of 130 to 135 miles per hour.

 
A man wraps himself in a plastic sheet as he heads for safety in Donkuru village in the Srikakulam district of Andhra Pradesh

A man wraps himself in a plastic sheet as he heads for safety in Donkuru village in the Srikakulam district of Andhra Pradesh

 
Safe haven: Indian villagers eat food at a temporary cyclone shelter in the of district Ganjam, Orissa

Safe haven: Indian villagers eat food at a temporary cyclone shelter in the of district Ganjam, Orissa

 
The storm, packing winds around 125mph has barreled in from the Bay of Bengal to make landfall near the coastal town of Gopalpur

The storm, packing winds around 125mph has barreled in from the Bay of Bengal to make landfall near the coastal town of Gopalpur

 

 

 

 

 

Escape: Scores of evacuated Indian villagers get down from a truck at a relief camp as it rains near Berhampur, India

Escape: Scores of evacuated villagers aboard a truck at a relief camp near Berhampur, India

Downpour: Villagers try to cover themselves from heavy rainfall as they ride a pickup truck in Srikakulam district

Downpour: Villagers transported on a pick up truck cover themselves from heavy rainfall in Srikakulam district

 
Enormous: A satellite from the US Naval Research Laboratory shows Cyclone Phailin over the Bay of Bengal

Enormous: A satellite from the US Naval Research Laboratory shows Cyclone Phailin over the Bay of Bengal

 

 

 
 

 

Evacuation: Indian villagers in a small lorry attempt to reach cyclone shelter, village Podampeta, Ganjam district

Evacuation: Indian villagers in a small lorry attempt to reach a shelter in Podampeta, Ganjam district

Route: The cyclone has made its way from the sea and will continue well into the mainland, pictured

Route: The cyclone has made its way from the sea and will continue well into the mainland, pictured

 
Force: A villager braves strong winds and rain walk to a shelter on higher ground

Force: A villager braves strong winds and rain to walk to a shelter on higher ground

 
 
Leaving: An Indian couple drives towards a cyclone center in village Podampeta with their essential belongings on the back of a motorbike

Leaving: An Indian couple in Podampeta village drive towards a shelter with their belongings

Refuge: Evacuated residents look out from a cyclone shelter surrounded by water in Badabandha village, Gopalpur

Refuge: Residents look out from a cyclone shelter surrounded by water in Badabandha village, Gopalpur

 
 
 
 

However, the U.S. Navys Joint Typhoon Warning Center in Hawaii forecast maximum sustained winds of 167 mph, with gusts up to 196 mph.

Indian officials also made less dire predictions about the storm surge, saying only that it would be 10 feet high. 

Meteorologist Ryan Maue from Weather Bell, a private U.S. weather firm said: Theres nothing to stop it at this point. A storm this large can peter out that fast. 

Maue said that even in the best-case scenario there would be a storm surge - a giant wall of water that a cyclone blasts ashore - of 20 to 30 feet. A storm surge causes a great deal of devastation in cyclones - usually even more than the strong winds.

 
Crash: A wave hits the coast of Andhra Pradesh state, while groups of villagers hurry to evacuate a shipyard

Crash: A wave hits the coast of Andhra Pradesh state, while groups of villagers hurry to evacuate a shipyard

Drenched: Villagers hold umbrellas as they walk towards a cyclone shelter in their village near Chatrapur

Drenched: Villagers hold umbrellas as they walk towards the safety of a cyclone shelter in Chatrapur

 
Abandoned: The coastal village of Donkuru, Srikakulam district that has been evacuated

Abandoned: The empty coastal village of Donkuru, Srikakulam following evacuation

Chaos: Waves crash onto the shore at a fishing harbour in Visakhapatnam district in the southern Indian state of Andhra Pradesh

Chaos: Waves crash onto the shore in Visakhapatnam district in the southern Indian state of Andhra Pradesh

 
Effort: Indian rescue officials from the Ahmedabad Fire and Emergency Services lift a search and rescue boat

Effort: Indian officials from the Ahmedabad Fire and Emergency Services lift a search and rescue boat

 

The storm has been powerful for nearly 36 hours and those winds have built up tremendous amount of surge, Maue said.

Black skies above Bhubaneshwar, the capital of Orissa state - which is expected to bear the brunt of the cyclone - continued 60 miles out to sea this morning.

Roaring winds made palm trees sway wildly, while to the south of the state seawater was already pushing inland.

Officials canceled holy day celebrations and stockpiled emergency supplies in coastal Orissa and Andhra Pradesh states.

Checks: Rescue officials check search and rescue equipment before heading to help those affected

Checks: Rescuers check equipment before heading to help those affected

 
Assistance: Indian government officials stand near a stack of relief goods ready to be distributed

Assistance: Indian government officials stand near a stack of relief goods ready to be distributed

 
Heavy rains: An Indian cycle rickshaw driver makes his way through rain in Berhampur city

Heavy rains: An Indian cycle rickshaw driver makes his way through rain in Berhampur city

 
Course: A Map of India locating the projected path of cyclone Phailin

Course: A Map of India locating the projected path of cyclone Phailin

Government workers and volunteers were putting together hundreds of thousands of food packages to be distributed at relief camps.

The states top official, Chief Minister Naveen Patnaik, appealed for people to cooperate with officials as they order people to leave their homes.

I request everyone to not panic. Please assist the government. Everyone from the village to the state headquarters have been put on alert, he told reporters.

Childrens charity World Vision said its teams on the ground were already seeing signs of the storm.

Dharmendra Naik, manager of its programmes in Jagathsinghpur district, said: Our staff along the coast have been seeing rain falling continuously and winds pick up. People have been trying to stock up on essentials and that has caused the price of many items to be driven higher.

Kunal Shah, the head of the charitys emergency response in India, said: In a storm of this magnitude there is the potential for widespread damage to crops and livestock in the low-lying coastal areas and houses completely wiped away. So while we are praying this storm loses intensity, we e also preparing.

Save the Children said it was on the ground stockpiling emergency supplies including food, health and hygiene kits and tarpaulin sheets.

Plan International is also in contact with partners in India, ready to intervene to help families affected.

 
Prepared: Villagers and cattle walk through the streets during a heavy cyclonic wind in Ganja village near Gopalpur

Prepared: Villagers walk cattle through the streets during a heavy cyclonic wind in Ganja village, Gopalpur

 
Approaching: Indian youth stand on the shore as high tidal waves hit the coastline today

Approaching: Indian youth stand on the shore as high tidal waves hit the coastline today

In Paradip, the Orissa port city hammered in a 1999 cyclone, at least seven ships were put to sea to ride out the storm, with other boats shifted to safer parts of the harbor, officials said.

U.S. forecasters repeatedly warned that the storm would be immense.

If its not a record its really, really close, University of Miami hurricane researcher Brian McNoldy said.

You really don get storms stronger than this anywhere in the world ever. This is the top of the barrel.

To compare it to killer U.S. storms, McNoldy said cyclone Phailin is nearly the size of Hurricane Katrina, which killed 1,200 people in 2005 and caused devastating flooding in New Orleans.

He said it also has the wind power of 1992s Hurricane Andrew, which packed 165 mph winds at landfall in Miami.

 
Together: People take shelter at a wedding hall after leaving their houses in the eastern Indian state of Odisha

Together: People take shelter at a wedding hall after leaving their houses in the eastern Indian state of Odisha

If the storm continues on its current path without weakening, it is expected to cause large-scale power and communications outages and shut down road and rail links, officials said. There would also be extensive damage to crops.

One official said tens of thousands of more people will be moved to safer areas before the cyclone hits. No one will be allowed to stay in mud and thatched houses in the coastal areas, he said.

The government also began evacuating 64,000 people from the low-lying areas of three vulnerable districts in neighboring Andhra Pradesh state, said state Revenue Minister N. Raghuveera Reddy.

 
 

 

 
Refuge: Locals take shelter in a temporary cyclone shelter in Chatrapur, Ganjam district

Refuge: Locals take shelter in a temporary cyclone shelter in Chatrapur, Ganjam district

 

The sea had already pushed inland as much as 130 ft in parts of Andhra Pradesh.

Officials have been stockpiling emergency food supplies, and setting up shelters for people expected to flee the heavy winds and rains. The Indian air force said four transport planes and 18 helicopters were being kept ready for relief operations in the region.

The Bay of Bengal has been the scene of some of the deadliest storms in recent history. The 1999 Orissa cyclone, which was similar in strength to Phailin, killed 10,000 people.

 
Aid: Scores of shelters providing food and accommodation, such as this on in Ganjam district, have been set up for those evacuated

Aid: Scores of shelters providing food and accommodation, such as this on in Ganjam district, have been set up for those evacuated

 
Temporary: Evacuated Indian villagers eat food in a cyclone shelter in Chatrapur, Ganjam district

Temporary: Evacuated Indian villagers eat food in a cyclone shelter in Chatrapur, Ganjam district

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

كلمة التحرير كتاب واراء مختارات من الصحافة حول العالم لبنان سورية صحة بيئه ابراج نهفة اليوم إعلانات تصويت
هل ينهار الاتفاق النووي بعد إعلان استراتيجية ترمب الجديدة تجاه إيران؟


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