الموت يغيب نلسون مانديلا بالصورNELSON MANDELA 1918 - 2013: Freedom fighter, prisoner, president, global icon

رئيس التحرير
2019.08.20 16:09

الموت يغيب نلسون مانديلا
أعلن رئيس جنوب افريقيا جاكوب زوما وفاة الرئيس السابق نلسون مانديلا بمنزله في جوهانسبرغ عن عمر يناهز الـ 95 عاماً.
وقال زوما إنه ستقام جنازة رسمية لمانديلا وستنكس أعلام البلاد.
- See more at: http://www.aljadeed.tv/MenuAr/news/DetailNews/DetailNews.html?id=95025#sthash.l95qbzNR.dpuf

.رحل نلسن منديلا ، رحل مناضل الحرية في 5 ديسمبر 2003 عن عمر ناهز 95 عاما ، يستحق منديلا تكريما بجعل يوم وفاته يوما عالميا للحرية .
نعم " يوم الحرية العالمي " توزع فيه جائزة منديلا لمناضلي الحرية .
منديلا الذي ترعرع حب الناس له في قلوبهم لن يبرحها بغيابه عن الدنيا ، بل يبقى مثالا ومثلا لصانعي الحرية .
منديلا القائل " نحن صناع الحرية ولسنا طلابها " صدقت مناضل الحرية يصنع حريته ولا يطلبها
فقد أعلن رئيس جنوب افريقيا جاكوب زوما وفاة الرئيس السابق نلسون مانديلا بمنزله في جوهانسبرغ عن عمر يناهز الـ 95 عاماً.
وقال زوما إنه ستقام جنازة رسمية لمانديلا وستنكس أعلام البلاد

NELSON MANDELA 1918 - 2013: Freedom fighter, prisoner, president, global icon - the world mourns passing of man who freed his country and became an inspiration to billions South African President Jacob Zuma confirmed Mandela’s death in a TV address and said: Our nation has lost its greatest son’ Former president passed away at his home in Johannesburg
President Obama paid emotional tribute, saying: I cannot fully imagine my life without the example that Nelson Mandela set David Cameron said a great light has gone out in in the world
Mandela had spent almost three months in hospital with a recurring lung infection
He was discharged in September and had been receiving home-based medical attention since then
The 20th century icon will be accorded a full state funeral
The leaders daughters and the Duke and Duchess of Cambridge learned of Mandelas death while attending the UK premier of a film about him

By Leon Watson

Nelson Mandela has died at his home in Johannesburg, South Africa aged 95.

The anti-apartheid icon died at 12:50pm EST surrounded by close family.

Mandelas death came nearly five months after he was admitted to hospital with a lung infection.

Despite being allowed to return home three months ago, South Africas first black president has not been able to move from a bedroom described as being a virtual 24 hour intensive care unit and has needed a ventilator to breath.


In a televised address, South African president Jacob Zuma confirmed Nelson Mandela has died aged 95







Just before his death: Duke and Duchess of Cambridge as they arrived Thursday night to the UK premier of Mandela: Long Walk to Freedom just before the films inspiration and subject died at 95



I cannot fully imagine my life without the example that Nelson Mandela set, said President Obama at a news conference. The White House said the US president will travel to South Africa to attend Mandelas fuenral


Ominous timing: Britains Prince William, Duke of Cambridge, greets Zindzi Mandela, right, and her sister Zenani, the daughters of former Nelson Mandela at the UK premier. The sisters reportedly only learned of their fathers death as they watched the movie about his life





First family emerges: An unidentified granddaughter of former South African president Nelson Mandela leaves his house following his death in Johannesburg on Thursday


Rumors of Mr Mandelas increasing discomfort started circulating in the early afternoon of yesterday as increasing numbers of Mandela family members arrived at the former presidents large Johannesburg home.

South Africas president Jacob Zuma announced the long-expected death in a special television broadcast last night.

Mr Zuma said: Our nation has lost its greatest son.

What made Nelson Mandela great was precisely what made him human. We saw in him what we seek in ourselves.



Fellow South Africans, Nelson Mandela brought us together and it is together that we will bid him farewell.

The White House said tonight that the president is expected to travel to South Africa for Mandelas state funeral along with other world leaders.

He achieved more than could be expected for any man and today hes gone home,’ Obama said at a news conference. Madiba transformed South Africa and moved all of us- his journey from a prisoner to a president embodied the promise that humans can transform for the better.

Mr Obama visited South Africa in June and met with the former presidents family but did not personally meet with the ailing leader because his health was so poor at the time.

Mr Obama previously had a personal meeting when he was just a Senator.

He said that the very first political action in his life, let alone his career, was his participation in an anti-apartheid rally held in Mandelas honor.

We will not likely see the likes of Nelson Mandela again, so it falls to us to live by his example and make decisions not by hate but by love, Mr Obama said in the press conference.

He said that the thoughts and prayers of the first family and the American people were with Mr Mandelas family.

His lifes work meant long days away from those who loved him most, saying that he hoped they were able to value the last few months together.

UK Prime Minister David Cameron led the tributes to Mandela in that country.

Nelson Mandela showed us the true meaning of courage, hope, and reconciliation, Cameron said. My heart goes out to his family - and to all in South Africa and around the world whose lives were changed through his courage.

Cameron tweeted that the flag at No 10 Downing Street would be flown at half-mast.

A great light has gone out in the world, Cameron said. Nelson Mandela was a hero of out time.

Although increasingly frail, Mandela had been in an out of the hospital over the past five years, he was last rushed to hospital on June 8th this year.

He was initially treated for a lung infection, but with three weeks his condition, it was announced, had turned critical.

The South African government has never disclosed the full extent of his illness, but reputable news sources revealed that his liver and kidneys were functioning at just 50 per cent.

South African media reported that he was on ventilation and undergoing regular renal dialysis.

Nelson Mandela was one of the worlds most admired and beloved political leaders, an icon of the redemptive power of reconciliation.


A nation mourns: South African president Jacob Zuma tells the world of Mandelas passing in this screen grab of his Thursday address


Vigil: South Africans light candles outside Nelson Mandelas home in Johannesburg following the revered icons death on Thursday


Grateful nation: People sit behind burning candles for former president Nelson Mandela on hearing of his passing outside his Johannesburg home



Sad but celebratory: While many people looked sombre and visibly emotional following news of Mandelas death, others celebrated his achievements by dancing and singing



Rapt: People listen to a radio outside Mr Mandelas house as news of his death was announced by South African president Jacob Zuma



A world indebted: Press gather outside Mandelas home. World leaders across the globe learned the somber news from South Africas President Zuma. Many of them, notably US President Barack Obama, expressed their indebtedness to the late freedom fighter


Global leader: The United Nations Security Council observes a minute of silence upon the news of the noted peacemakers death


South Africans took to the streets of Johannesburg in their droves to mourn former president Nelson Mandela after news of his death broke.

Mourners converged on Mandelas home in the capital to light candles and pay tribute to the man who ended apartheid and gave them their freedom.

While some looked sombre and quietly said prayers following Mandelas passing, others celebrated his achievements in a loud show of patriotism and pride.

The former lawyer spent 27 years in apartheid prisons for his political beliefs before becoming South Africas first black president.

His critical role in both achieving full democracy in South Africa and then keeping the peace when it arrived in 1994 earned him a Nobel Peace Prize.

But it was the magnanimity he showed his former oppressors - coupled with an intense personal charm - that has earned him admirers all over the globe.

Here UK Prime Minister David Cameron, meets with Mandela in 2006 in Johannesburg. Cameron led the UK tributes to the South African leader Thursday. Nelson Mandela showed us the true meaning of courage, hope, and reconciliation, said the PM


U.N. pauses to honor Nelson Mandela

In this 2011 meeting, the first daughters Malia (left) and Sasha (right) join their mother Michelle Obama for a meeting with Mandela



Unforgettable pose: Prime Minister David Cameron meets with Mandela 2008, as the South African leader shoots his famously endearing grin






Historic: As South Africas first black president, the ex-boxer, lawyer and prisoner No. 46664 paved the way to racial reconciliation with well-chosen gestures of forgiveness


Nations greatest son: Nelson Mandela lifts the World Cup trophy in Zurich, Switzerland, after FIFAs executive committee announced that South Africa would host the 2010 World Cup soccer tournament. South Africas Greatest Son died Thursday at 95













Zindzi Mandela the daughter of Nelson Mandela poses for photographers as she arrives to attend the UK premiere of her fathers biopic. Reports at the time of his death said his daughter only learned the news while in the theater







An honor: Its something that makes me feel really proud that what my family went through and the role my father played has been recognised, Zindzi said of the film and of meeting the Duke and Duchess






Nelson Mandela, former South African President, is pictured during a visit by former U.S. president Bill Clinton on July 17, 2012 at his home in Qunu, Eastern Cape, on the eve of his 94th birthday



My fellow South Africans, our beloved Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela, the founding president of our democratic nation has departed.

He passed on peacefully in the company of his family around 20.50 on December 5 2013.

He is now resting. He is now at peace.

Our nation has lost its greatest son. Our people have lost a father.

Although we knew that this day would come, nothing can diminish our sense of a profound and enduring loss.

His tireless struggle for freedom earned him the respect of the world.

His humility, his compassion, and his humanity earned him their love. Our thoughts and prayers are with the Mandela family. To them we owe a debt of gratitude.

They have sacrificed much and endured much so that our people could be free.

Our thoughts are with his wife Mrs Graca Machel, his former wife Ms Winnie Madikizela-Mandela, with his children, his grandchildren, his great grandchildren and the entire family.

Our thoughts are with his friends, comrades and colleagues who fought alongside Madiba over the course of a lifetime of struggle.

Our thoughts are with the South African people who today mourn the loss of the one person who, more than any other, came to embody their sense of a common nationhood.

Our thoughts are with the millions of people across the world who embraced Madiba as their own, and who saw his cause as their cause.

This is the moment of our deepest sorrow.

Our nation has lost its greatest son.

Yet, what made Nelson Mandela great was precisely what made him human. We saw in him what we seek in ourselves.

And in him we saw so much of ourselves.

Fellow South Africans, Nelson Mandela brought us together, and it is together that we will bid him farewell.

Our beloved Madiba will be accorded a state funeral.

I have ordered that all flags of the Republic of South Africa be lowered to half-mast from tomorrow, December 6, and to remain at half-mast until after the funeral.

As we gather to pay our last respects, let us conduct ourselves with the dignity and respect that Madiba personified.

Let us be mindful of his wishes and the wishes of his family.

As we gather, wherever we are in the country and wherever we are in the world, let us recall the values for which Madiba fought.

Let us reaffirm his vision of a society in which none is exploited, oppressed or dispossessed by another.

Let us commit ourselves to strive together - sparing neither strength nor courage - to build a united, non-racial, non-sexist, democratic and prosperous South Africa.

Let us express, each in our own way, the deep gratitude we feel for a life spent in service of the people of this country and in the cause of humanity.

This is indeed the moment of our deepest sorrow.

Yet it must also be the moment of our greatest determination.

A determination to live as Madiba has lived, to strive as Madiba has strived and to not rest until we have realised his vision of a truly united South Africa, a peaceful and prosperous Africa, and a better world.

We will always love you, Madiba!

May your soul rest in peace.

God Bless Africa.

Nkosi Sikelel iAfrika.












Inspiration: U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton, right, meets with former South Africa President Nelson Mandela at his home in Qunu, South Africa, last year

Former South African president and ex-leader of African National Congress (ANC) Nelson Mandela with American talkshow host Oprah Winfrey in 2005

A huge state funeral, attended by most world leaders, is expected to be held in the coming days.

Having served just one term as president of South Africa, Mr Mandela retired from public life in 2004 and has only rarely been glimpsed in public since then.

His last public appearance was at footballs 2010 World Cup final when his wife had to support his arm to allow him to wave to the crowd.

South African President announces death of Nelson Mandela

The former South African president with award winning actress, Charlize Theron, in South Africa in 2003 after she won the Oscar for Best Actress for her role in the movie Monster

Famous friends: British supermodel Naomi Campbell and Nelson Mandela at a Othandweni orphanage in Hillbrow, South Africa, in 2001

Fighting fit: Mandela was tall and slim and enjoyed jogging long before it was trendy

As well as receiving treatment for prostate cancer, stomach pain and problems with his eyes, Mandelas most persistent medical problems have been respiratory.

He damaged his lungs and contracted tuberculosis while digging in a lime quarry during the 18 years he spent imprisoned on the notorious Robben Island, outside Cape Town.

He has been admitted to hospital numerous times over past decade - and five times since December last year.

He underwent treatment for, among other things, a respiratory disorder, a long-standing abdominal complaint, gallstones and, in April this year, for the removal of fluid from his lungs.

Such is Mandelas popularity in South Africa - where he is lionised for his role in healing the countrys racial divides - that many public figures have tried to attach themselves to the former African National Congress (ANC) leaders legacy.

Jacob Zumas decision, last April, to allow himself to be filmed standing next to an unsmiling, expressionless Mandela in hospital drew much adverse comment, including from Mandelas family.

The ANCs main political opposition, the Democratic Alliance, has also been accused of trying to hijack his legacy by highlighting its historical connection to the man most South African refer to by his clan name Madiba.


‘What counts in life is not the mere fact that we have lived. It is what difference we have made to the lives of others that will determine the significance of the life we lead.’

‘If people can learn to hate, they can be taught to love, for love comes more naturally to the human heart than its opposite’.

‘I learned that courage was not the absence of fear, but the triumph over it. The brave man is not he who does not feel afraid, but he who conquers that fear’.

‘Never, never and never again shall it be that this beautiful land will again experience the oppression of one by another’.

‘The greatest glory in living lies not in never falling, but in rising every time we fall.’

‘Do not judge me by my successes, judge me by how many times I fell down and got back up again.’

‘If I had my time over I would do the same again. So would any man who dares call himself a man.’

‘There is no passion to be found playing small – in settling for a life that is less than the one you are capable of living.’

‘It always seems impossible until it is done.’

‘It is what we make out of what we have, not what we are given, that separates one person from another.’

‘For to be free is not merely to cast off ones chains, but to live in a way that respects and enhances the freedom of others.’

Nelson Mandela 1918-2013

Widely adored: A 1997 meeting of Mandela and Prime Minister Tony Blair at St Andrews


Family man: He is survived by second wife Machel (right), his daughter Makaziwe by his first marriage, and daughters Zindzi and Zenani by his second








Men of dignity: Nelson Mandela and the Dalai Lama in Cape Town in 1996

Royal welcome: The Queen sits with South African President Nelson Mandela at a state banquet held in the Queens honour in Cape Town in March 1995 - the first state visit to the country in almost 50 years

Proud: Mandela always wanted to be seen as a man of the people and his ig tent approach to reaching out to the common man was widely adored



While some political commentators have expressed a fear that Mandelas death could destabilise South Africa by re-opening racial wounds, most South Africans are well used to the idea of his passing.

Indeed, most serious political analysts in the country recognise that Mr Mandelas death is unlikely to create a political shockwave.

More significant, they say, may be the fact that without Mandelas immense moral authority, the ruling ANC party may be more vulnerable to charges of corruption and incompetence.



Mandela, who is generally considered to be he father of modern South Africa, has said that his greatest regret has been his failure to have raised his own children.

He married three times. Two wives remain alive: his ex wife Winnie and Graca Machel. He has three remaining children, another four step children, 17 grandchildren and 12 great grandchildren.

In recent years various family members and friends have argued about how best to maintain his legacy. The disputes are now likely to worsen.

His marriage to Winnie had fallen apart after his release and he was now married to Graca Machel, the widowed former first lady of neighboring Mozambique.

He is survived by Machel; his daughter Makaziwe by his first marriage, and daughters Zindzi and Zenani by his second.


1960 69 peaceful protesters are killed by police in the Sharpeville Massacre; in the aftermath the ANC is banned, prompting Mandela to go into hiding. While in hiding he forms an underground military group with armed resistance

1962 After living on the run for seventeen months he is arrested on August 5 and imprisoned in the Johannesburg Fort. On October 25 he is sentenced to five years in prison but again goes on the run

1964 On June 12 Mandela is captured and convicted of sabotage and treason. He is sentenced to life imprisonment at the age of 46, initially on Robben island where he would be kept for 18 years

1968 His mother dies and his eldest son is killed in a car crash but he is not allowed to attend either of the funerals

1980 The exiled Oliver Tambo launches an international campaign for the release of his friend

1986 Sanctions against South Africa are tightened, costing millions in revenue

1990 On February 11, Nelson Mandela is released from prison after 27 years. He had served the last part of his sentence in Victor Verster Prison in Paarl.

President De Klerk lifts the ban on the African National Congress (ANC). The ANC and the white National Party begin talks on forming a multi-racial democracy for South Africa.

1991 Mandela becomes President of the ANC. The International Olympic Committee lift a 21-year ban on South African athletes competing in the Olympic Games.

1992 He separates from Winnie Mandela after she is convicted of kidnapping and being an accessory to assault. The following March they divorce.

1993 Nelson Mandela and Mr de Klerk are awarded the Nobel Peace Prize

1994 April 26 Free Elections where black South Africans are allowed to vote for the first time.

Nelson Mandela runs for President and the ANC win 252 of the 400 seats in the national assembly

May Mandela is inaugurated as the first black president of South Africa. He appoints de Klerk as deputy president and forms the racially mixed Government of National Unity.

1995 South Africa hosts the 1995 Rugby World Cup and South Africa wins. Nelson Mandela wears a Springbok shirt when he presents the trophy to Afrikaner captain Francois Pienaar. This gesture was seen as a major step in the reconciliation of white and black South Africans.

1998 Marries Graca Machel, the widow of the former president of Mozambique, on his 80th birthday.

1999 Relinquishes presidency in favour of Thabo Mbeki, who was nominated ANC president in 1997.

2001 Nelson Mandela was diagnosed and treated for prostate cancer

2004 June: Nelson Mandela announced that he would be retiring from public life at the age of 85

2005 His son, Makgatho Mandela died of AIDS

2010 Mandela makes a rare public appearance at the football World Cup in South Africa

2012 An increasingly frail Mandela is admitted to hospital twice in February and December

Source: www.history-timelines.org.uk


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