صفقة سرّية مع داعش حافظت على 80 % من آثار تدمر

رئيس التحرير
2019.06.25 00:19


مع اختلاف التقديرات حول اعادة تدمر لما كانت عليه رغم ان الامر والوقت لايهمان طالما انها عادت للسلطات المختصة ورغم انه تم اخفاء ونقل التحف والاثار القيمة جدا قبل دخول داعش للمدينه

وقد تحدث تقرير لندني عن صفقة سرية تمت بين نظام دمشق و(داعش) للحفاظ على آثار تدمر، بينما توجه أول فريق من خبراء تفكيك الألغام الروس إلى سوريا للمشاركة في تفكيك الألغام التي زرعها التنظيم.

تدمر: قال تقرير لصحيفة (ديلي تلغراف) البريطانية إن نحو 80 في المئة من الآثار في مدينة تدمر ما زالت في حالة جيدة، إلا أن أعمال الترميم لبعض الآثار المتضررة ستحتاج مدة خمس سنوات على الأقل.

وأضافت أن "المدير العام للآثار والمتاحف مأمون عبدالكريم أكد أن النظام السوري عمل بشكل سري على إقناع تنظيم الدولة الإسلامية بعدم تدمير مدينة تدمر الآثرية".

ونقلًا عن عبدالكريم  فإن "النظام السوري عمل بشكل سري مع حوالى 45 إلى 50 شخصًا داخل المدينة لإقناع التنظيم بعدم محو معالم تدمر الأثرية خلال سيطرتهم على المدينة التي استمرت نحو عشرة أشهر".

خشية داعش
أضاف أن "تنظيم الدولة الإسلامية رأى أنه ستكون هناك ثورة ضدهم، في حال دمّروا جميع الآثار في تدمر"، مشيرًا إلى أن "التنظيم لم يسرق أو يبيع أياً من الآثار في تدمر".

ويعتقد عبد الكريم أن "عملية ترميم الآثار في مدينة تدمر تحتاج 5 سنوات في حال تلقت سوريا تمويلاً من منظمة الأمم المتحدة للتربية والعلم والثقافة (اليونيسكو)".

وأكد أن "القلق اعترى الجميع عندما شنّ الجيش السوري عملية لاستعادة تدمر من أيدي تنظيم الدولة الإسلامية، إذ ساد تخوف من احتمال تفجير التنظيم لجميع الآثار قبيل مغادرتهم المدينة".

فريق روسي
إلى ذلك، فإنه بينما الجيش السوري منهمك بتفكيك العبوات الناسفة والمتفجرات والألغام التي زرعها (داعش)، أعلنت وزارة الدفاع الروسية، أن أول فريق من خبراء تفكيك الألغام الروس غادر إلى سوريا للمشاركة في العملية.

وقالت وكالة (سبوتنيك) الروسية إن الفريق سافر إلى قاعدة "حميميم" الجوية، الكائنة قرب اللاذقية، من مطار "تشكالوفسكي" في ضواحي موسكو على متن طائرة شحن عسكرية من نوع "أنتونوف — 124"، تحمل كذلك كلابًا مدربة وروبوتات خاصة ومعدات لإزالة الألغام والعبوات الناسفة.

ومن المتوقع أن يبلغ العدد الإجمالي للمهندسين العسكريين ومدربي الكلاب الروس، الذين سيتوجهون إلى سوريا على دفعات للمساعدة على إزالة الألغام في تدمر، حوالى 100 فرد.

وكان الجنرال فاليري غيراسيموف، رئيس هيئة الأركان العامة للقوات المسلحة الروسية، أعلن، أمس الاثنين، أن وزارة الدفاع الروسية سترسل إلى سوريا في الأيام القريبة المقبلة مجموعة من الخبراء من قواتها الهندسية مع أطقم الأجهزة الروبوتية الخاصة للمشاركة في أعمال إزالة الألغام في مدينة تدمر السورية المحررة.

مشاركة روسية بالتحرير
وشدد غيراسيموف في حديث للصحافيين على أن  تحرير تدمر له مغزى استراتيجي بالغ الأهمية في محاربة "الإرهاب" في سوريا. تابع قائلاً: "بالأمس وبفضل دعم قوات سلاح الجو وقوات العمليات الخاصة الروسية وبمشاركة المستشارين العسكريين الروس تم تحرير تدمر… وتحرير هذه المدينة له مغزى استراتيجي بالغ الأهمية في محاربة الإرهاب في سوريا".

وأعاد غيراسيموف إلى الأذهان أن العمليات التي نفذتها المجموعة الجوية الروسية في سوريا في الأشهر الأخيرة ساعدت على إحداث تغيير جذري للوضع الناجم من انتشار "الورم السرطاني الإرهابي"، حيث تم تدمير قواعد "للإرهابيين" ومستودعات ومخازن للأسلحة والذخيرة التابعة لهم، وقطع طرق إمدادات النفط المهرب التي شكلت مصدرًا ماليًا ضخمًا بالنسبة إليهم.

 

 

 

 

 

Inside the Palmyra museums looted by ISIS: Shocking pictures show how fanatics ransacked the Syrian site and smashed up its precious artefacts

Heads were sledgehammered off sculptures while priceless carvings were ripped off walls of museums during the terror groups devastating occupation of Palmyra. The pictures were revealed as it emerged that many of the citys ancient treasures have been preserved because of a secret deal between the Syrian government and ISIS. Syrias antiquities chief Maamoun Abdulkarim said behind-the-scenes work took place to convince ISIS not to destroy all the citys key archaeological features.

Inside the Palmyra museums looted by ISIS: Pictures show wanton destruction carried out by fanatics... as it is revealed secret deal with Syrian government saved many treasures Government forces worked with Russian military to free the ancient archaeological site of Palmyra from ISIS There were huge concerns that the 4,000-year-old historic monuments would have been demolished However, new drone footage reveals a surprising amount of the temple site appears to remain intact  Syrian government struck a secret deal with ISIS to convince them not to destroy all of the citys ancient landmarks See more news from Syria at www.dailymail.co.uk/syria 

 

These pictures show the smashed up interior of the Palmyra museums looted by ISIS fanatics while they went about destroying the citys ancient artefacts.

Heads were sledgehammered off sculptures while priceless carvings were ripped off walls of museums during the terror groups devastating occupation of Palmyra. 

The pictures were revealed as it emerged that many of the citys ancient treasures have been preserved because of a secret deal between the Syrian government and ISIS

Syrias antiquities chief Maamoun Abdulkarim said behind-the-scenes work took place to convince ISIS not to destroy all the citys key archaeological features. 

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Ruined: Many of the artefacts in a museum in the historic city of Palmyra were smashed up by Islamic State militants during the occupation

Pictures show the damage inside the national museum of Palmyra, Syria. The Syrian directorate of antiquities and museums reported wide destruction of statues and monuments in the ancient city

Although many sculptures were destroyed, a secret deal between the government and ISIS bosses may have led to some treasures being saved

Reduced to rubble: Ancient statues, stone carvings and figures were ripped off walls and smashed up by the ISIS fanatics 

Syrias antiquities chief Maamoun Abdulkarim said behind-the-scenes work took place to convince ISIS not to destroy all the citys key archaeological features. Pictures show some of the damage caused in the citys museum

Extremists wrecked a number of important structures on the site, including the Temple of Baal, leaving experts with a difficult task of re-constructing the ancient landmarks.

But Abdulkarim said the deal with ISIS had prevented the whole city from being razed.  

We were working with 45 to 50 people inside the city in order to convince Daesh, with public pressure, not to destroy everything, he said, using another name for ISIS. 

Daesh saw that there would be a popular uprising against it if it destroyed everything. It didnt steal and it didnt destroy everything, he said.

It comes as extraordinary new drone footage revealed the extent of the devastation wrecked by the jihadi group after they captured Palmyra last summer. 

Despite the damage, Syrias antiquities chief believes the ancient site of Palmyra could be fully restored to its former glory in five years after Syrian government forces re-captured the ISIS-held site.

We were expecting the worst. But the landscape, in general, is in good shape. We could have completely lost Palmyra. The joy I feel is indescribable., Abdulkarim told AFP.

If we have UNESCOs approval, we will need five years to restore the structures damaged or destroyed by IS, he said. 

The faces of ancient statues were smashed off with sledgehammers as militants wrecked priceless artefacts in Palmyras museum

Maamoun Abdulkarim said behind the scenes negotiations took place with ISIS in a bid to prevent the whole city from being razed

The Temple of Bel is pictured, left, in September last year prior to being blown up by ISIS terrorists and, right, after the city was reclaimed by Assads forces

Pictures show how the Arc de Triomphe looked in June 2010 (left) before ISIS descended on Palmyra and destroyed some of the structure (right)

During its rule of Palmyra, IS killed scores of people and destroyed invaluable artifacts dating back more than 1,800 years, along with a famed Roman triumphal archway

IS had used Palmyras ancient theatre as a venue for public executions and also murdered the citys 82-year-old former antiquities chief 

 

Syrians government forces celebrated ousting ISIS from Palmyra by enjoying a kick-about amongst the ancient citys 4,000 year-old ruins.

The regime troops relaxed with a quick game of football after finally ridding the UNESCO World Heritage site of the extremist faction following three weeks of fighting.

Still armed with rifles and dressed in combat gear, the soldiers let loose in an area which until only yesterday had been a stronghold for the Islamic State. 

They were joined by pro-government militiamen and Russian fighters who strolled among the ruins in awe after seizing the city on Sunday.

ISIS terror chiefs sparked a global outcry when they started destroying Palmyras treasured monuments, which they consider idolatrous, after taking the city in May 2015. 

Russian forces, which intervened in support of longtime ally Assad last September, were heavily involved in the Palmyra offensive despite a major drawdown last week

The damage within the hugely significant historical landscape was predicted to be massive following brutal combat exchanges between the extremist group and the regime

Pictures taken over the weekend show the remains of the ancient landmarks surrounding the city of Palmyra

The majority of Palmyras ancient treasures held by ISIS have been preserved because of a secret deal between the Syrian government and the terror group, a minister has revealed

 

The damage within the hugely significant historical landscape was predicted to be massive following brutal combat exchanges between the extremist group and the regime.

The terror network had also released videos of them blowing up ancient ruins as well as carrying out mass executions in front of a baying crowd in the amphitheatre.

Despite the chaos and ISISs no-nonsense approach to destroying pre-Islamic structures, the amphitheatre is one of the standout features of the site which remains in tact. 

The jihadi group did obliterate the notorious Tadmur prison, using dozens of barrels of explosives to blow up the jail, which was once the Assad regimes key torture facilities. 

We have the qualified staff, the knowledge and the research. With UNESCOs approval, we can start the work in a years time. Eighty percent of the ruins are in good shape.

Ruins of the Monumental Arch destroyed by ISIS militants in Palmyra, a UNESCO world heritage site

A substantial number of statues, temples and other structures were destroyed by militants of the so called Islamic State (ISIS) after they took Palmyra under control in 2015

Syrians government forces celebrated ousting ISIS from Palmyra by enjoying a kick-about amongst the ancient citys 4,000 year-old ruins

The regime troops relaxed with a quick game of football after finally ridding the UNESCO World Heritage site of the extremist faction following three weeks of fighting

Still armed with rifles and dressed in combat gear, the soldiers let loose in an area which until only yesterday had been a stronghold for the Islamic State

They were joined by pro-government militiamen and Russian fighters who strolled among the ruins in awe after seizing the city on Sunday

A Syrian military official says bomb squads are now working on removing mines and bombs planted by the Islamic State group in the historic town.

He confirmed that explosives have been planted across much of Palmyra, including residential areas as well as the historic quarter that is home to some of the middle easts most valuable archaeological relics. 

Syrian troops and pro-government militiamen captured Palmyra Sunday under the cover of Russian airstrikes ending a 10-month control of the town by the extremists.

During its rule of Palmyra, ISIS killed scores of people and destroyed invaluable artifacts dating back more than 1,800 years, along with a famed Roman triumphal archway.  

Some monuments, including the iconic Temple of Bel, are said to be in pieces almost a year after jihadists seized the site, but much of the ancient city was intact.

Residential neighbourhoods in the adjacent modern town, where 70,000 people lived before the war, were deserted and damage there was widespread, the correspondent said.

Syrian troops and pro-government militiamen captured Palmyra Sunday under the cover of Russian airstrikes ending a 10-month control of the town by the extremists

Residential neighbourhoods in the adjacent modern town, where 70,000 people lived before the war, were deserted and damage there was widespread, the correspondent said 

A Syrian military official says bomb squads are now working on removing mines and bombs planted by the Islamic State group in the historic town

Syrian troops celebrate while riding home from the ancient city following their weekends success

Historian of the ancient world Maurice Sartre said: One mustnt forget that only around 15 to 20 per cent of Palmyra had actually been excavated, and so there was an enormous amount yet to discover. 

All the tombs we hadnt excavated and have now been totally pillaged are lost to science forever.

ISIS had used Palmyras ancient theatre as a venue for public executions and also murdered the citys 82-year-old former antiquities chief.

The Syrian army said the city would now serve as a base to broaden operations against IS, including in its stronghold of Raqqa and Deir Ezzor further east.

At least 400 ISIS fighters were killed in the battle for the city, the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said.

On the government side, 188 troops and militiamen were killed.

 

Forces loyal to Syrias President Bashar al-Assad walk with their weapons in Palmyra city after recapturing it

Syrian troops pass by buildings left almost completely destroyed by weeks of gunfire and airstrikes

The badly damaged Lion of Al-Lat statue at the entrance of the museum in Palmyra. It is not yet known whether this relic can be restored

ISIS fighters took pleasure in destroying ancient artefacts and ruins believing them to be blasphemous

The once popular visitor museum is left strewn with toppled objects after being ransacked by the terror group

Thats the heaviest losses that IS has sustained in a single battle since its creation in 2013, the director of the Britain-based monitoring group, Rami Abdel Rahman, told AFP. 

Russian forces, which intervened in support of longtime ally Assad last September, were heavily involved in the Palmyra offensive despite a major drawdown last week.

Russian warplanes carried out 40 combat sorties around Palmyra in the last 24 hours, striking 117 terrorist targets and killing 80 IS fighters, Moscows defence ministry said on Sunday.

Putin telephoned Assad to congratulate the Syrian leader, adding that successes such as the liberation of Palmyra would be impossible without Russias support, a Kremlin spokesman said.

The Great Colonnade in Palmyra is one of the many ancient relics affected by the Islamic States temporary residence

The Temple of Bel is said to be in pieces almost a year after jihadists seized the site, but much of the ancient city is intact

Government army soldiers climb their way to the top of Fakhr al-Din al-Maani Citadel, a UNESCO world heritage site, to place a flag

Assad said the victory was fresh proof of the efficiency of the Syrian army and its allies in fighting terrorism.

IS and its jihadist rival, the Al-Qaeda-affiliated Al-Nusra Front, are not party to a ceasefire in force across Syria since February 27.

The truce has brought relative quiet to many areas across Syria, where more than 270,000 have been killed and millions had fled their homes in the last five years.

The Observatory for Human Rights said on Sunday that 363 civilians had been killed since the truce went into effect - the lowest monthly toll in four years. 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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