انتهاء هدنة "الفرصة الأخيرة" أمام مسلحي المعارضة بحلب

رئيس التحرير
2017.11.20 06:56

 

انتهاء هدنة "الفرصة الأخيرة" أمام مسلحي المعارضة في حلب المظلمه

 خيرت الحكومة السورية المسلحين بين التوقف عن المقاومة أو الموت

انتهت الهدنة في مدينة حلب السورية، والتي حددتها الحكومتان الروسية والسورية بعشر ساعات، ووصفتها روسيا بالفرصة الأخيرة أمام المسلحين لمغادرة المناطق المحاصرة.

ولم يغادر أي من المسلحين، بحسب نشطاء، ويتوقع أن تستأنف الهجمات السورية والروسية على تلك مناطقهم.

واستمر المسلحون في شن هجومهم المضاد في محاولة لكسر الحصار، وقالت روسيا إن جنديين قد جرحا.

يذكر أن 250 ألف شخص محاصرون في الجزء الشرقي من حلب، ويعانون من شح في الأغذية والأدوية.

وأرسلت الحكومة السورية رسائل نصية للمدنين في حلب تحثهم فيها على مغادرة المناطق المحاصرة، كما خيرت المسلحين بين "التوقف عن المقاومة أو الموت".

وقال زكريا ملاحفجي عضو المكتب السياسي لمنظمة "فاستقم"، الناشطة على الساحة في حلب "لا أحد سيغادر، وسيقوم الروس بالتصعيد، هذا ما صرحوا به".

واتهمت وسائل إعلام رسمية سورية المعارضة بمنع المدنيين من المغادرة، وقالت إن مسلحي المعارضة أطلقوا صواريخ على طريق يسلكه المغادرون.

وقد كثف مسلحو المعارضة هجماتهم على المناطق الواقعة تحت سيطرة الحكومة في الجزء الغربي من حلب الخميس، وقالت وسائل إعلام إن ما لا يقل عن 12 شخصا قد قتلوا وجرح 200 نتيجة قصف صاروخي وتفجير سيارات مفخخة.

ويحاصر الجيش الجزء الشرقي من حلب منذ شهر يوليو/تموز، وهذه هي المرة الثانية التي تفتح فيها سوريا وروسيا ممرات لمغادرة مناطق المعارضة. وانتهت المرة الأولى بدون أن يغادر أحد من السكان.

من جهتها، أعلنت الأمم المتحدة أنها لم تستطع استغلال الهدنة لإيصال مواد إغاثة ومساعدات للمناطق المحاصرة لأنها لم تحصل على ضمانات أمنية.

وقال متحدث باسم المبعوث الدولي لسوريا ستافان دي ميستورا إن الأمم المتحدة تعارض ترحيل السكان عن أجزاء من حلب.

حلب:من داحل مديتة الجحيم

Inside the city of hell and an appalling affront to humanity: Our veteran war reporter has

There is no longer any electricity to light what is left of one the worlds oldest cities. And so the late-evening sky above Aleppo is as clear, star-filled and beautiful as it might have been two millennia ago. This is but a small comfort amid the drumbeat of artillery. Night or day, what lies beneath the heavens here is an affront to humanity. Most of the residents have fled. But since July, as many as 250,000 have been trapped and are reportedly living in squalor under the constant threat of death, writes RICHARD PENDLEBURY (pictured inset).

Our veteran war reporter has covered many bloody conflicts but nothing prepared him for the horror of Aleppo 

 

  • Richard Pendlebury reports from the government-held western Aleppo
  • Since July, as many as 250,000 Syrians have been trapped in the city and are reportedly living in squalor under the constant threat of death 
  • After five years President Assad could be on verge of retaking the Aleppo

     

There is no longer any electricity to light what is left of one the world’s oldest cities. And so the late-evening sky above Aleppo is as clear, star-filled and beautiful as it might have been two millennia ago.

This is but a small comfort amid the drumbeat of artillery. Night or day, what lies beneath the heavens here is an affront to humanity.

Fifteen-year-old Mohammed Sangari is resting on a trolley in a corridor of Al-Razi hospital’s emergency department. His head, arms and legs are swathed in bandages, while a much smaller boy, probably his little brother, is holding Mohammed’s feet and weeping.

A search and rescue member carries a child from rumble after a barrel bomb attack staged by Syrian army in the opposition-controlled Mashhad district of Aleppo

A search and rescue member carries a child from rumble after a barrel bomb attack staged by Syrian army in the opposition-controlled Mashhad district of Aleppo

A boy rescues a child from the a destroyed building after another barrel bomb attack in Aleppo

A boy rescues a child from the a destroyed building after another barrel bomb attack in Aleppo

The conflict in Syria has claimed as many as 400,000 lives and displaced millions more 

The conflict in Syria has claimed as many as 400,000 lives and displaced millions more 

The rocket had struck around 10.30am that morning. Mohammed and his two younger cousins were helping to load furniture onto a van ahead of their families’ flight from the district of New Aleppo and the latest bombardment there.

Now, one cousin, a four-year-old boy, is dead and a second, a girl aged six, fights for her life with head wounds. Mohammed was ‘lucky’, you could say.

Another stretcher is squeezed past, carrying a bare-chested young man with a round and bloody hole in his solar plexus. To me, it looks like a gunshot wound, but someone says it was caused by a piece of rocket.

The important detail is that it was enough to kill him. Seconds later his hysterical mother appears through the doorway.

‘My child’s dead!’ she screams, clutching her head. ‘God help us! Please God, help us.’ The dead man was an off-duty doctor. His mother is noisily inconsolable and finally collapses with grief.

This is a madhouse. Truly terrible.

War reporter RICHARD PENDLEBURY (pictured) described Aleppo as a madhouse and truly terrible

War reporter RICHARD PENDLEBURY (pictured) described Aleppo as a madhouse and truly terrible

Outside, the ambulances are wailing to a halt every couple of minutes. The regular background thuds of outgoing and incoming artillery and heavy mortar-fire grow more urgent in what is the centre of a major city of two million people.

Several of the casualties are men in camouflage uniform, fresh from the outer frontlines. But most are civilians.

In a side street at the back of the hospital, the mortuary entrance is to be found. Here, weeping relatives gather and those obviously beyond medical help are delivered.

A car is parked at the kerb and the rear door is wide open. A stout middle-aged woman is sprawled across the back seat as if asleep, arms thrown above her head.

Everything about her is a strange concrete grey. No one pays her much attention because she has no more life in her than the building under which she was buried. She and the car are moved.

Almost at once a pick-up truck takes their place. A handsome old man with a large moustache and covered in rubble dust is lying in the back. His eyes are open and seemingly returning my stare, but he, too, is dead.

And nearby there is the grotesque scene of two stretcher bearers trying to fit the corpse of a woman into the back of a tiny yellow taxi while her sobbing teenage son strokes the bloodied sheet that covers her.

News was also coming through of two massive car bombs. The mortuary will be busier than ever.

This was government-held western Aleppo on Thursday afternoon.

The tragic city of Syria’s most-uncivil of civil wars is split in two.

A short distance away from the hospital, across a bitterly contested frontline, the eastern side of the city remains under siege by the forces of Syrian President Bashar Al-Assad.

The besieged area has largely been reduced to ruins, although there was no means of reaching it this week to verify conditions.

Most of the residents have fled. But since July, as many as 250,000 have been trapped and are reportedly living in squalor under the constant threat of death. President Assad’s autocratic and oppressive regime had been subject to international sanctions long before the current crisis.

A Syrian pro-government soldier stands over a body in the 1070 apartment block area, south of al-Hamdaniyah, in eastern Aleppo on November 4

A Syrian pro-government soldier stands over a body in the 1070 apartment block area, south of al-Hamdaniyah, in eastern Aleppo on November 4

In the face of international pressure, Russian aircraft have not hit eastern Aleppo for two weeks, the country says, in order to allow civilians to escape and the rebels to withdraw. An infantry fighting vehicle is pictured covered in a street in eastern Aleppo

In the face of international pressure, Russian aircraft have not hit eastern Aleppo for two weeks, the country says, in order to allow civilians to escape and the rebels to withdraw. An infantry fighting vehicle is pictured covered in a street in eastern Aleppo

Since the conflict broke out in 2011, it has been accused of using indiscriminate force against civilian areas, including improvised barrel bombs full of shrapnel dropped by helicopters.

Hospitals in rebel areas have been targeted, say his opponents. There have been reports of chemical weapons attacks.

N ot long ago, Assad’s power seemed to be slipping away as rebel factions spearheaded by hard-line Islamist groups such as the Al Qaeda-affiliated Al-Nusra Front united to roll back the exhausted government forces.

But the tide has turned, it seems. The key to Assad’s resurgence has been the intervention of Vladimir Putin’s Russia and its modern airpower.

The scent — or rather, stench — of a once unlikely ‘victory’ is in the air. That is why I was among a small group of Western journalists who had been allowed in by a previously closed and hostile regime.

Presumably we were there to share the good tidings. After five years of grinding catastrophe, President Assad could be on the verge of retaking the whole of Aleppo, Syria’s biggest city and one-time economic hub.

The fight is seen by many as the key battle in this whole bloody conflict, which has so far claimed as many as 400,000 lives and displaced millions.

A conflict that began following the 2011 Arab Spring with anti-government protests which were brutally put down, before escalating into a full-scale civil war, pitching rebel groups from Syria’s Sunni Muslim majority against Assad’s Shia Muslim sect, called the Alawites.

Rebel fighters stand with their weapons inside a building in western Aleppo. The authorities here say 11,000 civilians have been killed in western Aleppo since the war began

Rebel fighters stand with their weapons inside a building in western Aleppo. The authorities here say 11,000 civilians have been killed in western Aleppo since the war began

For the past fortnight, regime-held western Aleppo has been peppered by mortar and rockets 

For the past fortnight, regime-held western Aleppo has been peppered by mortar and rockets 

The rebel groups range from moderates to hardline Islamic terrorists, and the carnage has not only allowed the barbaric Islamic State to flourish, but sucked in a U.S.-led coalition and, of course, Assad-supporting Russia.

In the face of international pressure, Russian aircraft have not hit eastern Aleppo for two weeks, the country says, in order to allow civilians to escape and the rebels to withdraw.

The regime claims that, on a previous occasion where a ceasefire afforded a similar opportunity, jihadist fighters fired on designated ‘humanitarian corridors’ to prevent civilians from escaping.

There is to be another chance, however. Syria and Russia announced that six humanitarian corridors were to be opened yesterday morning for civilians to leave eastern Aleppo.

Another two corridors would allow the rebels to leave the city for other opposition-controlled parts of the country. Syrian jets were over the city on Thursday afternoon, dropping leaflets carrying messages to that effect.

But when the deadline for this evacuation ended at 7pm local time last night, there would be, as one local politician put it euphemistically, an ‘escalation’. Regime troops are already massing for the assault.

The rebels know what is coming. So they have redoubled their own efforts against Assad’s forces.

Smoke billows at a government-held entrance to Aleppo, in the southwestern frontline

Smoke billows at a government-held entrance to Aleppo, in the southwestern frontline

For the past fortnight, regime-held western Aleppo has been peppered by mortar and rockets, mainly fired by opposition fighters massed in the countryside to the west.

They are trying, once again, to break the encirclement of the siege from the outside. Around 100 civilians have died as a result, with many times that number wounded.

The authorities here say 11,000 civilians have been killed in western Aleppo since the war began — a third of them children.

United Nations special envoy for Syria Staffan de Mistura said he was ‘appalled and shocked by the high number of rockets indiscriminately launched’ on civilian suburbs of government-held Aleppo.

‘Those who argue that this is meant to relieve the siege of eastern Aleppo should be reminded that nothing justifies the use of disproportionate and indiscriminate weapons, including heavy ones, on civilian areas and it could amount to war crimes,’ de Mistura said.

The Aleppo I saw this week is no longer about whose side you are on. As a local priest said, it has simply become ‘the most dangerous city in the world’.

My long journey to Aleppo from the capital Damascus was via a precarious route through government-held central Syria.

The highway often goes close to rebel opposition territory, including that held by Islamic State. It still comes under attack and is sometimes cut.

The desolation we saw en route in the city of Homs, from which armed opposition groups withdrew under a ceasefire in May 2014, was as nothing compared with what awaited at the journey’s end.

W hen we neared Aleppo the signs of ongoing war increased. We had heard the steady boom of a Syrian army howitzer battery firing heavy shells at some target far into the desert long before we came across the gun itself.

Most of the roadside villages were abandoned and destroyed.

On the wall of one ruined house someone had painted ‘God is protecting Syria’. A joke — or a sign of misplaced optimism?

Convoys of lorries carrying supplies to the government-held part of the city slowed our progress. As the shadows lengthened, the suburbs came into sight, smoke rising on the skyline.

The thump of artillery was again noticeable as we were passing close to where the rebels to the west of the city are attempting to break through the siege.

Bitter fighting had taken place here and little more was needed to make the devastation complete.

Syrian pro-government men stand over a body in the 1070 apartment block area, south of al-Hamdaniyah, in eastern Aleppo. The eastern side of the city remains under siege by the forces of Syrian President Bashar Al-Assad

Syrian pro-government men stand over a body in the 1070 apartment block area, south of al-Hamdaniyah, in eastern Aleppo. The eastern side of the city remains under siege by the forces of Syrian President Bashar Al-Assad

No wall was unmarked by weaponry. A line of buses had been turned on their sides atop an earth bank to make ramparts. Tall residential blocks had folded like partially collapsed decks of cards. Poster after poster of President Assad lined the route. He at least was smiling.

That night we were taken to the Christian quarter of west Aleppo.

Much of it borders the ‘redline’ with the rebel-held east, causing a number of churches including the Maronite cathedral to be abandoned. The majority of the faithful — who had numbered 200,000, or 7 per cent of the city’s population before the ‘crisis’ — have fled.

Mortars and rockets have fallen on their areas — though causing nothing like the destruction and death of the regime airstrikes or barrel bombs on the other side.

The Catholic cathedral of Our Lady of Assumption still has a large hole punched high through its wall by the choir loft. It marks where a rocket entered during Mass, injuring ten. The ‘cultural mosaic’ that existed in Syria, of many different faiths living side by side, has been fractured if not destroyed by this dreadful war. Now religious minorities such as these embattled Christians look more than ever to the Assad regime for protection.

Casualties were reported after Syrian rebels fired rockets at one of the evacuation corridors opened from opposition-held east Aleppo during a  Russian-declared ceasefire

Casualties were reported after Syrian rebels fired rockets at one of the evacuation corridors opened from opposition-held east Aleppo during a Russian-declared ceasefire

‘Don’t ever say they are “rebels”,’ one local Presbyterian priest told me, after posing for pictures with two moderate Sunni clerics on the altar of his church. ‘These terrorists killed our children and destroyed our homes and tried to kill our existence and history.’

The next morning I met two little girls, 12-year-old Nour and Hala, eight, carrying bread back to their home in a ruined apartment block in a devastated street on the edge of the Shihan neighbourhood. They had only moved there three weeks earlier because the fighting meant their real homes were not safe.

Then around the corner came Ahmed and Bilal, both ten, lugging two plastic jerry-cans and on the hunt for water. They, too, are refugees from another part of Aleppo. ‘There were too many bombs and too many people died,’ said Bilal. ‘It is safer here.’

Later, we are led through the ruins of the Old City, once a Unesco World Heritage Site, but now destroyed.

The elegant Khan Al-Wazir gate has been mauled by gun and rocket fire, the ancient souk burned out.

To cross in the open to the walls of the Citadel would invite instant death. The frontline is here and the deserted streets are barricaded to block snipers. Only one shop is still open and it is where Mahmoud Mehmi sells falafel to passing soldiers. ‘Perhaps 30 customers a day.’

Aside from Mr Mehmi’s token presence, 2,000 years of trade and human interaction in a once charming warren of alleyways has come to end.

Do not ask about culpability. Foreign Minister Walid Muallem is 75 years old; short, very fat and sometimes even quite jolly looking.

But he is also as tough as teak and was not about to pussyfoot with Western journalists. Indeed, the first question was fired by him: ‘Who can tell me why this hysteria in the West about Aleppo?’ he demanded.

‘The Syrian citizens in the [rebel-held] east of Aleppo are very dear to us. We care about their well-being. We want to liberate them.

Syrian pro-government soldiers run for cover in a former residential area south of al-Hamdaniyah, in eastern Aleppo

Syrian pro-government soldiers run for cover in a former residential area south of al-Hamdaniyah, in eastern Aleppo

A Syrian pro-government soldier stants next to a tank. It is alleged many war crimes have been committed by the regime during the conflict

A Syrian pro-government soldier stants next to a tank. It is alleged many war crimes have been committed by the regime during the conflict

Since July, as many as 250,000 Syrians have been trapped in the city and are reportedly living in squalor

Since July, as many as 250,000 Syrians have been trapped in the city and are reportedly living in squalor

‘If we win Aleppo — and I am sure we will — it is up to the West to rethink their policies.’

Pressed on accountability for the regime’s alleged war crimes — not to mention its blame for creating the conditions which sparked the initial revolt — Mr Muallem was evasive.

Aleppo hospitals had not been targeted by Russian or Syria airstrikes, he said gruffly: ‘Your information is mistaken.’ Mistakes may have been made, ‘but this is war’.

The biggest errors were being committed by the U.S., whom he described as the ‘godfather’ of a mafia of countries including Britain that have set themselves against Syria.

President Assad was ‘not a leader who will run away’, he promised. ‘The people chose him.’

The Foreign Minister lit up a cigarette and joked that there was no smoking ban ‘on Syrian territory’, as there is under the Islamic State.

What ‘freedom’.

And what an unexpected ‘victory’ almost within his master’s grasp.

As I write this in the early hours of Friday morning, the Aleppo night vibrates with heavy explosions as shells continue to fall indiscriminately — on both sides of the city’s divide.

 
كلمة التحرير كتاب واراء مختارات من الصحافة حول العالم لبنان سورية صحة بيئه ابراج نهفة اليوم إعلانات تصويت
هل ينهار الاتفاق النووي بعد إعلان استراتيجية ترمب الجديدة تجاه إيران؟


القائمة البريدية
البريد الالكتروني

Holy cow:بقرة صينيه بخمسة ارجل جمعة عادية بالبسة عادية لقادة "ايبك" وسلام حار بين بوتين وترامب ترامب: بعض المعتقلين في السعودية حلبوا بلادهم لسنوات.. وأثق بالملك ونجله ووزير سعودي : إنها الثورة! وقصة الفخ :كيف استدرج بن سلمان أمراء وأثرياء المملكة في ليلة واحدة لاعتقالهم؟.. زعيم كتالونيا المقال يصرح بلجوئه لبروكسل ويعلن قبوله إجراء انتخابات مبكرة.. لست هاربا من العدالة شاهد جورج بوش الأب يتحرش :انها التهمة الثالثة  أجمل جميلات العالم بعدسة مصوِّرة .. نشرت كتاباً من 500 صورة للفاتنات اكتشاف كوكب ياكل الكواكب الاخرى  حقيقة أم شبيهة لها؟ السيدة الأولى تظهر بجانب ترامب لكنها ليست "ميلانيا"  الفاتنة سفيرة روسيا في مونديال 2018 غارقة في الحب..  فيلم لقصة لاجئ سوري يفوز بجائزة أوسكار : أراد دفن زوجته على الطريقة الإسلامية في بلاد اللجوء..