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رحيل كاسترو.. حاكمٌ متسلِّط أم عملاقٌ ثوري

رئيس التحرير
2018.01.16 23:10

  • رحل اليوم ديكتاتور آخر من زمن الديكتاتوريات العفنة، حكم بلده بالقوة وبلا انتخابات حقيقية اربعين عاماً، وعندما وصل لمرحلة الخرف ورث الحكم لأخيه ليكمل على ماتبقى من أمل لبلد من أجمل بلدان العالم... كوبا كان يمكن أن تكون نمراً اقتصادياً بما تملكه من ثروات وسياحة لولا هذا العائلة التي تتمتع بالثروة بينما يعيش الشعب في فقر مدقع.
    وبرحيل كاسترو تكون اخر اعمدة المظام العالمي القديم قد تهاوت. عالم فيه قيم ومبادئ تتحول الى دكتاتورية وجوع ومرض. عالم لا يملك الدكتاتور ثروات طائلة في بنوك سويسرا ولكنه يملك سجونا وزنازين. كاسترو ينهي سلسلة تضم عبد الناصر واديب الشيشكلي وسوكارنو وتيتو وهواري بو مدين. العالم الجديد ليس افضل: الدكتاتور الان يملك مليارات ويقتل ملايين

     

    CASTRO
     
     

    بوفاة فيدل كاسترو يغيب واحد من آخر العمالقة السياسيين في القرن العشرين، حاكم متسلط جعل من جزيرة صغيرة في الكاريبي محور اختبار قوة بين القوتين العظميين الأميركية والسوفياتية، قبل أن ينسحب من السلطة لدواع صحية.

    "لن أتقاعد أبداً من السياسة، السلطة عبودية وأنا عبدها"، هذا ما كان يؤكده كاسترو الذي تحدى جاره الشمالي الجبار على مدى نصف قرن قبل أن ينأى بنفسه عن الحكم اعتباراً من العام 2006.

    فمع الوقت، تحول الزعيم "صاحب اللحية" الذي كان في الـ32 من العمر حين أطاح في 1959 بديكتاتورية الجنرال فولغنسيو باتيستا وجسد آمال اليسار الثوري، إلى حاكم متسلط يقمع المعارضة بلا رحمة ويحكم كوبا مثل رب عائلة.

    كتب عنه صديقه الكاتب الكولومبي الحائز جائزة نوبل للآداب غابرييل غارسيا ماركيز في 2008 "صبر لا يقهر. انضباط حديدي. قوة المخيلة تسمح له بقهر أي طارئ".

    وفي المقابل، يطلق معارضوه عليه أوصافاً كثيرة أيضًا، من دكتاتور ومهووس بالعظمة ومتسلط، حتى إن الصحافي نوربرتو فوينتيس الذي أصبح أحد أشرس منتقديه بعدما كان صديقاً له يصفه بأنه "مسخ من الأنانية، مستهتر وعديم الأخلاق".

    بقي على خطه المتشدد الذي دفع الشعب ثمنه تضحيات فادحة وقد خضع في التسعينيات لـ"فترة خاصة في زمن السلم"، وفق تعبير كان رديفاً لانقطاعات خانقة في المواد الأساسية، من غير أن يقبل يوماً بتليين سياسة نظامه ولو قليلًا.


    تلميذ آباء يسوعيين


    دخل ابن المهاجر الإسباني والتلميذ السابق للآباء اليسوعيين، التاريخ في الـ27 من عمره حاملاً السلاح حين حاول السيطرة في تموز/يوليو 1953 على ثاني موقع عسكري في البلاد، ثكنة "لا مونكادا" في سانتياغو (جنوب شرق)، محاطاً بمجموعة من مئة مناصر.

    وإن كانت العملية فشلت وأدت إلى سجن المحامي الشاب ونفيه، إلا أنها لم تضعف عزيمته. وبعد ثلاث سنوات على العفو عنه وإطلاق سراحه، باشر حرب شوارع استمرت 25 شهراً وأسقطت دكتاتورية باتيستا، وتكللت بانتصار ثورة "أصحاب اللحى" (باربودوس) في كانون الثاني/يناير 1959.

    وبات انطلاقاً من ذلك الحين، يجسد ثورة سرعان ما أبدت تقاربها مع موسكو، على مسافة أقل من 200 كلم من الولايات المتحدة، في وسط الحرب الباردة.

    في 1961، عمد جون كينيدي الثاني بين الرؤساء الأميركيين الـ11 الذين تحداهم كاسترو، إلى إنزال كوبيين معادين له في جزيرة الخنازير، لكن العملية سجلت فشلاً ذريعاً للأميركيين وحولت فيدل كاسترو إلى بطل اشتراكي جعل من مكافحة الإمبريالية ركيزة لسياسته.

    كان خطيباً لا يكل دخل التاريخ إلى جانب كبار الثوريين أمثال لينين وماو، بسيغاره ولحيته الكثة وبزته العسكرية الخضراء الزيتونية.

    تبناه نيكيتا خروتشيف وأراد نصب صواريخ نووية في كوبا، فنشبت "أزمة الصواريخ" في تشرين الأول/أكتوبر 1962، التي قادت العالم إلى شفير نزاع ذري، وخرج منها فيدل كاسترو ذليلاً ومريراً لعدم استشارته، بعدما تم التوصل إلى اتفاق بين القوتين العظميين.

    عندها عمل على نشر الثورات ودعمها في العالم الثالث، متحدياً واشنطن وحتى الكرملين أحيانا، فيما غادره رفيق سلاحه أرنستو "تشي" غيفارا للقيام بمهمة مستحيلة في بوليفيا حيث قتل عام 1967.

    كان فيدل كاسترو رؤيوياً أكثر مما كان إدارياً، أطاح في 1968 بآخر ما تبقى من الرأسمالية الكوبية، وربط البلد بصورة وثيقة بالاتحاد السوفياتي. وفي 1975، أرسل كاسترو قواته إلى ما وراء المحيط الأطلسي في مغامرة أفريقية استمرت 15 عاماً شاركت خلالها في ساحات معارك في أنغولا وإثيوبيا.


    "قريباً ينتهي أمري"


    مع سقوط الاتحاد السوفياتي، اضطر كاسترو في التسعينيات إلى تقديم تنازلات خجولة للرأسمالية، عاد وتراجع عنها ما إن وجد حليفاً جديداً في الرئيس الفنزويلي هوغو تشافيز الذي توفي عام 2013 بعدما رفع على مدى سنوات شعلة حركة "كاسترية" جديدة.

    وبالرغم من خيبة الكوبيين، بقيت شريحة كبيرة منهم وفية لكاسترو، متمسكة خصوصاً بالإنجازين الاجتماعيين للنظام: الرعاية الصحية للجميع ومحو الأمية. وفي هذه الأثناء واصل كاسترو الحكم بقبضة من حديد فكمّ أي معارضة بنفيها أو سجنها.

    إلا أن القرن الحادي والعشرين لم يكن قرنه. واعتباراً من 2001، أصيب بسلسلة من النكسات الصحية. ففي تموز/يوليو 2006، أرغمته عملية جراحية على التخلي عن السلطة لشقيقه الأصغر راوول، ذراعه الأيمن ووزير الدفاع منذ 1959.

    وفي شباط/فبراير 2008، نقل السلطة إليه رسمياً وتحول القائد الأعلى فيدل إلى "جندي أفكار"، مكتفياً بنشر "تأملاته" في الصحافة الكوبية وباستقبال بعض الشخصيات التي تأتي زائرة.

    وإن كان صاخباً على الساحة العامة، إلا أنه كان سرياً في حياته الخاصة، وله ثمانية أولاد على الأقل، بينهم خمسة أبناء من داليا سوتو ديل فالي، رفيقته التي عاش بجانبها حتى وفاته.

    وفي نيسان/أبريل، قال بصوت يرتجف في ختام مؤتمر الحزب الشيوعي الكوبي "قريباً ينتهي أمري مثل جميع الآخرين. دورنا سيحين، كلنا".

    وتحدث عن إرث الشيوعية الكوبية، في وقت تسلك الجزيرة منذ نهاية 2014 تقارباً تاريخياً مع العدو الأميركي السابق، في انعطافة دبلوماسية اعتمدها شقيقه ولم يعارضها يوماً فيدل، حتى لو أنه يذكر دوماً بريبته حيال واشنطن.

    كاسترو.. نجا من 634 محاولة اغتيال وتحدى 11 رئيساً أميركياً

     

    CASTRO
     
     

    انتقدت وسائل إعلام أميركية السبت 26 نوفمبر/تشرين الثاني 2016 الزعيم الكوبي فيدل كاسترو الذي توفي الجمعة عن 90 عاماً ووصفته بأنه "زعيم مارس القمع" كما أنه كان "مصدر متاعب" بالنسبة لرؤساء أميركيين عدة.

    وخصصت وسائل الإعلام في نسخاتها الإلكترونية مساحات واسعة لهذا "القائد الثوري الذي تحدى الولايات المتحدة" كما كتبت نيويورك تايمز.

    وذكرت أن كاسترو "نقل الحرب الباردة إلى نصف الكرة الأرضية الغربي كما كان مصدر متاعب بالنسبة لـ11 رئيساً أميركياً وكاد أن يدفع العالم إلى حرب نووية".

    وأشارت إلى "أهمية هذه الشخصية العالمية" في القرن العشرين التي حكمت جزيرة صغيرة في البحر الكاريبي يبلغ عدد سكانها 11 مليون نسمة.

    أما صحيفة لوس أنجيليس تايمز، فقالت إن كاسترو كان "رمزاً ثورياً تجاوز نفوذه كوبا". وهذا الرأي شاركته صحيفة ميامي هيرالد التي كتبت إنه بسط "ظله" طوال خمسين عاماً في جميع أنحاء أميركا اللاتينية والعالم.


    "مارس القمع"


    ورأى منتقدوه أنه كان "زعيماً مارس القمع وحول بلاده إلى معسكرات اعتقال"، حسبما ذكرت واشنطن بوست.

    وتبقى معرفة ما إذا كانت وفاته ستؤدي إلى تغيرات كبيرة في إدارة كوبا.

    وقال بيتر شيشتر، من مركز الأبحاث "أتلانتيك كاونسل" في واشنطن إنه من المتوقع أن يسود الاستقرار.

    وأضاف أن تسليم فيدل السلطة لشقيقه راؤول يؤكد "بوضوح" منحه حرية التصرف. ولمَ كان التقارب عام 2014 مع باراك أوباما.

    ونجا من أكثر من 600 محاولة اغتيال وتحدى 11 رئيساً أميركياً وواكب أكثر من نصف قرن من التاريخ، وكان عدواً شرساً بقدر ما كان يثير إعجاب النساء، كان أحد العمالقة السياسيين للقرن العشرين.


    خبير استراتيجي


    في 1959 دخل فيدل كاسترو هافانا منتصراً. فصاحب اللحية السوداء والبزة العسكرية الذي لم يخضع لأي تأهيل عسكري ويحمل دكتوراه في الحقوق في الثانية والثلاثين من العمر، هزم جيشاً من ثمانين ألف رجل مع "ثواره الملتحين"، وأطاح بفولغنسيو باتيستا الرئيس المستبد الذي كان في السلطة.

    وقال علي رودريغيز المقاتل السابق وسفير فنزويلا الحالي في كوبا، لوكالة الصحافة الفرنسية إن كاسترو وبتطبيقه "عقيدته العسكرية الخاصة" تمكن من "تحويل مقاتلين في حرب عصابات إلى سلطة موازية تضم هؤلاء المقاتلين ومنظمات سرية وشعبية".

    وبعدما أفشل المؤامرات التي دعمتها واشنطن، أرسل فيدل 386 ألف كوبي للقتال في أنغولا وإثيوبيا والجزائر. وبين 1958 و2000 نجا من 634 محاولة اغتيال، على حد قول الرئيس السابق للاستخبارات الكوبية فابيان إيسكالانتي.

    وكان فيدل الذي لا يفارق مسدسه "لنمت جميعاً موتاً طبيعياً، فإننا لا نريد أن يتقدم الموت لحظة واحدة".


    العدو


    تصفه المنشقة مارتا بياتريس روكي (71 عاماً) بأنه "مغرور وأناني ونرجسي". وتضيف إن الذين تجرأوا على مقاومته عانوا "السجن والضرب والإقصاء".

    وخلال نصف قرن تحدى فيدل كاسترو 11 رئيساً للولايات المتحدة وحكم بقبضة من حديد واتبع سياسة قمع حيال المعارضة أدت إلى إدانة كوبا مرات عدة من قبل لجنة حقوق الإنسان في الأمم المتحدة (التي لم تعد موجودة حاليًا).

    في 1959 تمرد رفيق دربه القومندان أوبر ماتوس فحكم عليه بالسجن 20 عاماً. وفي "الربيع الأسود" في 2003 سجن 75 منشقاً وأعدم ثلاثة أشخاص رمياً بالرصاص.

    وقالت روكي إن كاسترو الذي رفض الدعوات إلى الانفتاح ووصف "بالمرتزقة" معارضيه "سيبقى ديكتاتوراً".

    Fidel Castro dead aged 90, Cuba’s former president

    Fidel Castro, who led the country of Cuba for nearly half a century, died Friday at the age of 90. Raul Castro announced his brothers death on state television and said he will be cremated on Saturday. Castro led Cuba for nearly half a century as both prime minister and president. The controversial leader made his last official appearance before the countrys Communist party in April and predicted that his death was near. He claimed in the past to have survived 634 assassination attempts, mainly masterminded by the CIA. Castro was 32 when he overthrew dictator Fulgencio Batistas government in 1959. The US severed diplomatic ties in 1961, banning all exports to Cuba except for food and medicine. Castros brother Raul and President Obama moved to restore diplomatic ties in December 2014.

  • Castro died at 10.29pm on Friday night, his brother Raul Castro announced on Cuban state TV
  • The controversial leader led Cuba for nearly half a century as both prime minister and president 
  • Vladimir Putin has branded him the symbol of an era and a distinguished statesman 
  • French President Francois Hollande branded him a towering figure, but voiced concerns about human rights abuses in Cuba 
  • Castro made his last official appearance before the countrys Communist party in April and predicted that his death was near 
  • He claimed in the past to have survived 634 assassination attempts
  • Castro was 32 when he overthrew dictator Fulgencio Batistas government in 1959, becoming Cubas prime minister 
  • The US severed diplomatic ties in 1961, banning all exports to Cuba except for food and medicine
  • Castros brother Raul and President Obama moved to restore diplomatic ties in December 2014
  • As large crowds of Cuban exiles gathered in Miami to celebrate his death US Congress representative Ileana Ros-Lehtinen, a Cuban-American Republican from Miami, described Castro as a tyrant

Fidel Castro, who led his native Cuba for nearly half a century and claimed to have survived more than 600 assassination attempts, has died at the age of 90.

With a shaking voice, his younger brother, Raul Castro, announced on state television that the Communist revolutionary died on Friday night.

World leaders have paid tribute to the revolutionary, who came to power in 1959, with former Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev praising him for strengthening his island nation.

Russian President Vladimir Putin described him as a symbol of an era, and said he was a distinguished statesman, and Pope Francis has said Castros death is sad news.

Nine days of public mourning for the deceased Cuban leader have been announced, when public activities and shows will cease, and flags will fly at half mast.

The islands Council of State says state radio and television will maintain informative, patriotic and historic programming.

The controversial former president (pictured in 2001) ruled the country as a one-party state from 1959 to 2006

The controversial former president (pictured in 2001) ruled the country as a one-party state from 1959 to 2006

Fidel Castro, who led the country of Cuba for nearly half a century (pictured during his last official appearance in April this year) died Friday at the age of 90.

Fidel Castro, who led the country of Cuba for nearly half a century (pictured during his last official appearance in April this year) died Friday at the age of 90.

Castros ashes will be buried in the historic southeastern city of Santiago on December 4 after a four-day procession through the country.

Raul Castro, who succeeded his brother in 2006, told Cubans in the television announcement: Today, November 25, at 10.29pm, the Commander in Chief of the Cuban Revolution, Fidel Castro Ruz, passed away.

In compliance with the expressed will of Companion Fidel, his remains will be cremated.

He concluded his statement by saying: Onward to victorn image of Fidel Castro hangs outside a government building in Havana, Cuba, after news of the former leaders death was announced

The streets were empty outside Havanas Gran Teatro hours after Fidel Castros death was announced by his brother Raul

The streets were empty outside Havanas Gran Teatro hours after Fidel Castros death was announced by his brother Raul

Nightclubs in the Cuban capital were closed after news of Castros death filtered through to citizens

Nightclubs in the Cuban capital were closed after news of Castros death filtered through to citizens

Castros death comes just months after the Communist revolutionary predicted that his time on earth was nearly up. 

Among the first world figures to pay tribute to Castro was former Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev, who praised him for strengthening his island nation.

Gorbachev said: Fidel stood up and strengthened his country during the harshest American blockade, when there was colossal pressure on him and he still took his country out of this blockade to a path of independent development. 

And current Russian President Vladimir Putin said: The name of this distinguished statesman is rightly considered the symbol of an era in modern world history. Fidel Castro was a sincere and reliable friend of Russia.

Putin added that Castro has managed to build a free and independent Cuba that became an influential member of the international community and served as an inspiration for many countries and peoples.

Pope Francis has said Castros death was sad news, and in a message to Raul, said:I express to you my sentiments of grief.

Among the first world figures to pay tribute to Castro was former Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev (seated, left, alongside Castro signing a treaty of friendship and co-operation), who praised him for strengthening his island nation

Among the first world figures to pay tribute to Castro was former Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev (seated, left, alongside Castro signing a treaty of friendship and co-operation), who praised him for strengthening his island nation

Putin, pictured with Castro in 2014, said the former Cuban leader was an inspiration for many countries and peoples

Putin, pictured with Castro in 2014, said the former Cuban leader was an inspiration for many countries and peoples

The Kremlin strongman hailed Castro as a strong and wise person who always looked to the future with confidence.

He embodied the high ideals of a politician, a citizen and a patriot sincerely convinced of the rightness of the cause to which he dedicated his whole life, Putin said.

His memory will forever remain in the hearts of the citizens of Russia.

Putin also said that Castro had made a huge personal contribution in the establishment and development of the countries bilateral relations.

Vladimir Putin has paid tribute to symbol of an era Fidel Castro, saying he was an inspiration to leaders around the world

Vladimir Putin has paid tribute to symbol of an era Fidel Castro, saying he was an inspiration to leaders around the world

Castro made his last official appearance before the countrys Communist Party in April (where he is pictured here with brother Raul in 2011) and predicted he would soon die 

Castro made his last official appearance before the countrys Communist Party in April (where he is pictured here with brother Raul in 2011) and predicted he would soon die 

Castro (pictured talking to French President Francois Hollande last year) handed power to his brother Raul in 2008 after he required emergency surgery for intestinal bleeding

Castro (pictured talking to French President Francois Hollande last year) handed power to his brother Raul in 2008 after he required emergency surgery for intestinal bleeding

Tributes already began to pour in for Castro, while residents of Little Havana in Miami - a haven for Cubans who fled Castros regime - celebrated early Saturday morning 

Tributes already began to pour in for Castro, while residents of Little Havana in Miami - a haven for Cubans who fled Castros regime - celebrated early Saturday morning 

Castro made his last official appearance before the countrys Communist Party in April, asking party members to help keep his ideas alive long after he died.

The time will come for all of us, but the ideas of the Cuban Communists will remain as proof on this planet that if they are worked at with fervor and dignity, they can produce the material and cultural goods that human beings need, he told them. 

Castro spoke as the government announced that his brother Raul will retain the Cuban Communist Partys highest post alongside his hardline second-in-command.

It was a resounding message that communism would retain its hold on Cuba, even as its leaders begin to die and age and icy relations with the US continue to thaw.

Castro officially handed power to his brother Raul in 2008, two years after he required emergency surgery for intestinal bleeding. 

Raul Castro had been made acting president in 2006.

Pope Francis, pictured with Castro in September last year, has described the former Cuban leaders death as sad news

Pope Francis, pictured with Castro in September last year, has described the former Cuban leaders death as sad news news of Castros death broke, world leaders paid tribute to the revolutionary.

Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi described him as one of the most iconic personalities of the 20th century, and said: India mourns the loss of a great friend. I extend my deepest condolences to the Government and people of Cuba on the sad demise of Fidel Castro. May his soul rest in peace. 

Latin American leaders voiced their sorrow at Castros death. 

In Bolivia, where Castro ally Ernesto Che Guevara died in 1967 in a failed bid to export Cubas revolution, President Evo Morales said in a statement: Fidel Castro left us a legacy of having fought for the integration of the worlds peoples ... The departure of Comandante Fidel Castro really hurts.

In mourning: Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro (left) and Bolivias Evo Morales (center) have paid tribute to Fidel Castro. They are pictured in Havana celebrating the former Cuban leaders 89th birthday last year

In mourning: Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro (left) and Bolivias Evo Morales (center) have paid tribute to Fidel Castro. They are pictured in Havana celebrating the former Cuban leaders 89th birthday last year

And Ecuadorean President Rafael Correa said: A great has left us. Fidel has died. Long live Cuba! Long live Latin America! 

Mexican President Enrique Pena Nieto said: Fidel Castro was a friend of Mexico, promoter of a bilateral relationship based on respect, dialogue and solidarity.

And Salvador Sanchez Ceren, President of El Salvador, tweeted: With deep sorrow we received news of the death of my dear friend and eternal companion, Commander Fidel Castro Ruz. 

In Venezuela, a long-time ally of Cuba and staunch opponent of the political stance of the United States, President Nicolas Maduro said Castro had inspired and would continue to inspire his country.

We will keep on winning and keep fighting. Fidel Castro is an example of the fight for all the people of the world. We will go forward with his legacy, Maduro told television station Telesur by telephone. 

Castro, pictured with former South African leader Nelson Mandela in 2001, was an important supporter in the fight against apartheid, current president Jacob Zuma said in a statement 

Castro, pictured with former South African leader Nelson Mandela in 2001, was an important supporter in the fight against apartheid, current president Jacob Zuma said in a statement 

South African President Jacob Zuma hailed Castro for his help supporting the battle against apartheid.

President Castro identified with our struggle against apartheid. He inspired the Cuban people to join us in our own struggle against apartheid, Zuma said in a statement.

French President Francois Hollande mourned the loss of a major figure on the world stage and welcomed the rapprochement between Havana and Washington, but noted concerns over human rights under the Castro regime.

Fidel Castro was a towering figure of the 20th century. He incarnated the Cuban revolution, in both its hopes and subsequent disillusionments, Hollande said in a statement.

France, which condemned human rights abuses in Cuba, had equally challenged the U.S. embargo on Cuba, and France was glad to see the two countries re-establish dialogue and open ties between themselves, added the Socialist party leader.

Hollande met Fidel Castro in May, 2015 during the first ever visit by a French head of state to Cuba since the Cuban revolution. 

French President Francois Hollande, pictured with Castro last year, described the former Cuban leader as a towering figure, but noted concerns over human rights under his regime

French President Francois Hollande, pictured with Castro last year, described the former Cuban leader as a towering figure, but noted concerns over human rights under his regime

British Foreign Secretary Boris Johnson said: Fidel Castros death marks the end of an era for Cuba and the start of a new one for Cubas people. 

Irish president Michael D Higgins said Castro guided Cuba through a remarkable process of social and political change, advocating a development path that was unique and determinedly independent.

He added that Castro would be remembered as a giant.

In a statement released after the 90-year-olds death, he said: Fidel Castro will be remembered as a giant among global leaders whose view was not only one of freedom for his people but for all of the oppressed and excluded peoples on the planet.

On Saturday morning, U.S. President-Elect Donald Trump tweeted: Fidel Castro is dead!

Castro (right) with revolutionary Ernesto Che Guevara in Havanas famous 1830 restaurant four years after they led the revolution that toppled Cuban dictator Fulgencio Batista

Castro (right) with revolutionary Ernesto Che Guevara in Havanas famous 1830 restaurant four years after they led the revolution that toppled Cuban dictator Fulgencio Batista

Castro addresses a National Press Club luncheon in Washington, D.C in 1959

Castro addresses a National Press Club luncheon in Washington, D.C in 1959

A nightclub closed in the early hours of the morning as news of Fidels Castros death filtered through

A nightclub closed in the early hours of the morning as news of Fidels Castros death filtered through

In the streets of Havana, the announcement was met with surprise. 

Mariela Alonso, a 45-year-old doctor, described the retired Cuban leader the guide for our people.

She said: There will be no one else like him. We will feel his physical absence.

Mechanic Celestino Acosta was sitting on a porch in the capitals central neighborhood of Vedado.

He called the news of Castros death a painful blow for everyone.  

News of Castros death was met with joy in the streets of Miamis Little Havana, where exiled Cubans celebrated the revolutionarys demise

News of Castros death was met with joy in the streets of Miamis Little Havana, where exiled Cubans celebrated the revolutionarys demise

But within half an hour of his death being announced, the streets of Miamis Little Havana teemed with Cuban exiles celebrating the 90-year-olds demise.

Cuba si! Castro no! they chanted, while others screamed Cuba libre!

Thousands of Cubans fled the island to the United States after Castro took power in 1959. 

Some were loyalists of Fulgencio Batista, the president prior to Castro, while others left with the hope they would be able to return soon, after Castro was toppled. He never was.

US Congress representative Ileana Ros-Lehtinen, a Cuban-American Republican from Miami, said in a statement: A tyrant is dead and a new beginning can dawn on the last remaining communist bastion of the Western Hemisphere. 

Castro was just 32 when he paid an unheralded visit to the Capitol in 1959

Castro was just 32 when he paid an unheralded visit to the Capitol in 1959

Castro smiles during a visit to the Cuban embassy in Algiers, Algeria in May 1972

Castro smiles during a visit to the Cuban embassy in Algiers, Algeria in May 1972

Castro survived a number of US-backed assassination plots, as well as numerous media reports throughout the years that falsely claimed he was dead or nearly there. 

But Castro, who four years ago bragged he didnt even remember what a headache is, remained active in his final months even as his public appearances became increasingly rare. 

This summer he met with Russian President Vladimir Putin and Chinese President Xi Jinping and in August celebrated his 90th birthday. 

Castro thanked fellow Cubans for their well wishes and lambasted his old foe the United States in a column carried by state-run media.

Cuba went into overdrive to honor the retired El Comandante, who built a Communist-run state on the doorstep of the United States.

Even in his old age, Castro remained as critical as ever of President Obama and frequently spoke out against him in his published opinion pieces. 

Castro blasted Obamas visit to Hiroshima in May, saying the president lacked the words to ask for forgiveness for the killings of hundreds of thousands of people.   

Castro walks with Oliver Stone during the directors making of the HBO documentary Looking for Fidel in Havana

Castro walks with Oliver Stone during the directors making of the HBO documentary Looking for Fidel in Havana

Castro holds hands with Venezuelas President Hugo Chavez as he recuperates from surgery in Havana in 2003. Castros health forced him to relinquish power to his brother in 2008

Castro holds hands with Venezuelas President Hugo Chavez as he recuperates from surgery in Havana in 2003. Castros health forced him to relinquish power to his brother in 2008هn his last opinion piece, in March, Castro accused Obama of sweet-talking the Cuban people during his visit to the island - the first by a US leader in 88 years - and of ignoring the accomplishments of Communist rule. 

Castro survived long enough to see Raul negotiate an opening with Obama on December 17, 2014, when Washington and Havana announced they would move to restore diplomatic ties for the first time since they were severed in 1961. 

Fidel cautiously blessed the historic deal with his lifelong enemy in a letter published after a month-long silence.

 I dont trust the policy of the United States, nor have I exchanged a word with them, but this does not mean I reject a pacific solution to the conflicts, he wrote.   

Considered more pragmatic, the younger Castro also introduced market-style reforms to the state-dominated economy and increased personal freedoms, such as the right to travel abroad that many Cubans celebrated.  

In his last opinion piece, in March, Fidel Castro accused Obama (pictured with Raul Castro) of sweet-talking the Cuban people during his visit to the island - the first by a US leader in 88 years - and of ignoring the accomplishments of Communist rule

In his last opinion piece, in March, Fidel Castro accused Obama (pictured with Raul Castro) of sweet-talking the Cuban people during his visit to the island - the first by a US leader in 88 years - and of ignoring the accomplishments of Communist rule

Yet others still revered Fidel for freeing the country from US domination and introducing universal, free healthcare and education.

Castros reign over the island-nation 90 miles from Florida was marked by the US-backed Bay of Pigs invasion in 1961 and the Cuban Missile Crisis a year later, which nearly brought the world to the brink of nuclear war.

He overcame imprisonment at the hands of dictator Fulgencio Batista, exile in Mexico and a disastrous start to his rebellion before triumphantly riding into Havana in January 1959 to become, at age 32, the youngest leader in Latin America.

For decades, he served as an inspiration and source of support to revolutionaries from Latin America to Africa. 

Socialism or death remained Castros rallying cry even as Western-style democracy swept the globe and other communist regimes in China and Vietnam embraced capitalism.

Castro (center) is pictured with his brother Raul (left) and Camilo Cienfuegos (right) while operating in the Mountains of Eastern Cuba

Castro (center) is pictured with his brother Raul (left) and Camilo Cienfuegos (right) while operating in the Mountains of Eastern Cuba

While his brother Raul was his closest confidant and successor as president, his sister Juana, exiled in south Florida, called Fidel a monster to whom she had not spoken in more than four decades.

His eldest son Fidelito, long Castros only officially-recognised child, was a nuclear scientist in Cuba. 

His eldest daughter Alina Fernandez, born from an affair with a married socialite who remained on the island decades later, attacked her father on exile radio from Miami. 

Cubas revolutionary hero Ernesto Che Guevara, Castro and Cubas President Osvaldo Dorticos, right, attend a reception in 1960

Cubas revolutionary hero Ernesto Che Guevara, Castro and Cubas President Osvaldo Dorticos, right, attend a reception in 1960N HIS OWN WORDS: CASTROS MOST MEMORABLE QUOTES

Cubas Fidel Castro, who seized power in Cuba in a 1959 revolution and transformed the country into a communist state while ruling for five decades has died, Cuban television said on Friday.

Here are some of his more memorable quotes about himself and communism in Cuba:

Condemn me. It is of no importance. History will absolve me. -- Castro in 1953, when the young lawyer was defending himself at trial for his near-suicidal assault on the Moncada military barracks in Santiago de Cuba.

I began the revolution with 82 men. If I had to do it again, I would do it with 10 or 15 and absolute faith. It does not matter how small you are if you have faith and a plan of action. -- Castro in 1959.

Im not thinking of cutting my beard, because Im accustomed to my beard and my beard means many things to my country. When we fulfill our promise of good government I will cut my beard. -- Castro in a 1959 interview with CBSs Edward Murrow, 30 days after the revolution.

 A revolution is not a bed of roses. A revolution is a struggle between the future and the past. -- Castro in 1959.

I reached the conclusion long ago that the one last sacrifice I must make for (Cuban) public health is to stop smoking. I havent really missed it that much. -- Castro in December 1985 upon announcing he had stopped smoking cigars.

I never saw a contradiction between the ideas that sustain me and the ideas of that symbol, of that extraordinary figure (Jesus Christ). -- Castro in 1985.

Just imagine what would happen in the world if the socialist community were to disappear ... if this were possible and I dont believe it is possible. -- Castro in 1989.

We do not know anything about this. We, gentlemen, to tell the truth, do not even know what to charge. -- Castro in 1990 on the development of international tourism In Cuba.

We have to stick to the facts and, simply put, the socialist camp has collapsed. -- Castro in 1991.

 Theres nothing strange about it. I wish I had as many opportunities to welcome personalities as important as this one. -- Castro in 1994, explaining the reception, usually reserved for heads of state, given to Hugo Chavez upon his arrival in Havana a few months after he was released from prison for leading a failed 1992 coup

 These changes (the opening to international tourism, foreign investment, some small business and family remittances)have their social cost, because we lived in a glass case, pure asepsis, and now we are surrounded by viruses, bacteria to the point of distraction and the egoism created by the capitalist system of production. -- Castro in 1998.

 One of the greatest benefits of the revolution is that even our prostitutes are college graduates. -- Castro to director Oliver Stone in 2003 documentary Comandante.

 I realized that my true destiny would be the war that I was going to have with the United States. -- Castros opening quote in Looking for Fidel, Stones second documentary on the Cuban leader from 2004.

 Here is a conclusion Ive come to after many years: among all the errors we may have committed, the greatest of them all was that we believed that someone ... actually knew how to build socialism. ... Whenever they said. Thats the formula, we thought they knew. Just as if someone is a physician. Castro in 2005.

 Im really happy to reach 80. I never expected it, not least having a neighbor, the greatest power in the world, trying to kill me every day, he said on July 21, 2006 while attending a summit of Latin American presidents in Argentina.

 I will neither aspire to nor accept ... the positions of President of the State Council and Commander in Chief ... It would be a betrayal of my conscience to accept a responsibility requiring more mobility and dedication than I am physically able to offer. Castro, in February 2008, announcing his resignation as president.

We are not a developed capitalist country in crisis, whose leaders are going crazy looking for solutions amidst depression, inflation, a lack of markets and unemployment; we are and we must be socialists. -- Castro writing in one of his reflections, or newspaper columns in 2008.

The Cuban model doesnt even work for us anymore. -- Castro in 2010 during an interview with US journalist Jeffrey Goldberg. Castro later said his comment was taken out of context.

Source: Reuters

Before he was El Comandante, Castro - born August 13, 1926 - was the son of a Spanish immigrant father who recruited labor for US sugar companies before building up a prosperous plantation of his own.  

Castro attended Jesuit schools, then the University of Havana, where he received law and social science degrees.

His life as a rebel began in 1953 with a reckless attack on the Moncada military barracks in the eastern city of Santiago. Most of his comrades were killed and Fidel and Raul went to prison.

Fidel turned his trial defense into a manifesto that he smuggled out of jail, famously declaring, History will absolve me.

Freed under a pardon, Castro fled to Mexico and organized a rebel band that returned in 1956, sailing across the Gulf of Mexico to Cuba on a yacht named Granma. 

After losing most of his group in a bungled landing Castro, with the help of brother Raul and legendary guerrilla fighter Ernesto Che Guevarra, rallied support in Cubas eastern Sierra Maestra mountains. 

Three years later, tens of thousands spilled into the streets of Havana to celebrate Batistas downfall and catch a glimpse of Castro as his rebel caravan arrived in the capital on January 8, 1959.

Castro (pictured in the late 1950s) rallied support in Cubas eastern Sierra Maestra mountains and three years later, tens of thousands spilled into the streets of Havana to celebrate Batistas downfall 

Castro (pictured in the late 1950s) rallied support in Cubas eastern Sierra Maestra mountains and three years later, tens of thousands spilled into the streets of Havana to celebrate Batistas downfall 

Castro responds to a question from American NBC reporter Barbara Walters at a news conference granted to members of the US press in 1975

Castro responds to a question from American NBC reporter Barbara Walters at a news conference granted to members of the US press in 1975

 

كلمة التحرير كتاب واراء مختارات من الصحافة حول العالم لبنان سورية صحة بيئه ابراج نهفة اليوم إعلانات تصويت
هل ينهار الاتفاق النووي بعد إعلان استراتيجية ترمب الجديدة تجاه إيران؟


القائمة البريدية
البريد الالكتروني

 صورة طائرة التجسس الاميركيه الاحدث أوبرا هل تهزمه وتصبح سيدة البيت الأبيض ؟ترامب سافوز ولااعتقد انها ستترشح أهم فضائح الكتاب الذي هز ترامب.. سر تعيينه للنساء كمستشارات وما يقوله الجمهوريون عن أولاده داخل البيت الأبيض  قصة حركة انتشرت بين ملايين البشر وتفاعلت معها شخصيات بارزة  عهد_التميمي تشعل مواقع التواصل و صوت_انفجار_في_الرياض يشغل السعودية الفائز بالجائزة صور من   أفريقيا: خبز مصر ، وقطن ساحل العاج ، وسيلفي مع جيش زيمبابوي Holy cow:بقرة صينيه بخمسة ارجل جمعة عادية بالبسة عادية لقادة "ايبك" وسلام حار بين بوتين وترامب ترامب: بعض المعتقلين في السعودية حلبوا بلادهم لسنوات.. وأثق بالملك ونجله ووزير سعودي : إنها الثورة! وقصة الفخ :كيف استدرج بن سلمان أمراء وأثرياء المملكة في ليلة واحدة لاعتقالهم؟..