آبل وفيسبوك وتويتر لم تصمت.. هذا ما قالته عمالقة التكنولوجيا عن قرار ترامب الانسحاب من اتفاقية باريس

رئيس التحرير
2017.11.23 10:30

 

 
 

لم يثر قرار دونالد ترامب الانسحاب من اتفاقية باريس للمناخ غضب الدول المشاركة فيها فحسب، بل كان لعمالقة التكنولوجيا الأميركية رفض صريح للخطوة "المخيبة".

ومن بين هذه الشركات الكبرى، آبل وجوجل وتويتر وفيسبوك، وأمازون، التي استنكرت قرار ترامب، مؤكدة أن التغيُّر المناخي تهديدٌ "مُلِحٌّ" يتطلَّب جهداً عالمياً لمواجهته، وفق ما ذكرت صحيفة الغارديان البريطانية.

 

آبل

 

وغرَّد تيم كوك، الرئيس التنفيذي لشركة آبل، على موقع تويتر الخميس 1 يونيو/حزيران 2017، قائلاً: "لقد كان قرار الانسحاب من اتفاقية باريس خطأً لكوكبنا. إنَّ آبل ملتزمة بمحاربة التغيُّر المناخي، ولن نتردَّد في ذلك أبداً".

 

تويتر

 

ووصف المدير التنفيذي لتويتر جاك دورسي القرار بأنَّه "قصير النظر على نحوٍ لا يُصدَّق"، وأنَّه "خطوةٌ إلى الوراء من جانب الحكومة الفيدرالية".

كما أعاد تغريد العديد من القصص والتصريحات التي ترفض خطوة ترامب لإخراج الولايات المتحدة من اتفاقية باريس، بما في ذلك رسالة من الرئيس الفرنسي الجديد إيمانويل ماكرون يقول فيها: اجعلوا كوكبنا عظيماً مرةً أخرى.

 

فيسبوك

 

وقال الرئيس التنفيذي لفيسبوك مارك زوكربيرغ، إنَّ قرار ترامب "يضع مستقبل أطفالنا في خطر".

وأضاف إنَّ الشبكة الاجتماعية العملاقة ملتزمةٌ بضمان أن يكون كل مركز بيانات جديد مُشغَّلاً بالطاقة المُتجدِّدة بنسبة 100%.

وتابع زوكربيرغ في منشورٍ له على موقع فيسبوك قائلاً: "إنَّ إيقاف التغيُّر المناخي شيء لا يتمكن من القيام به سوى مجتمعٍ عالمي، وعلينا أن نعمل معاً قبل فوات الأوان".

 

جوجل

 

وغرَّد سوندار بيتشاي، الرئيس التنفيذي لجوجل، قائلاً: "أشعر بالإحباط من قرار اليوم. ستظلَّ جوجل تعمل بجدٍ من أجل مستقبلٍ أنظف وأكثر رخاءً للجميع".

 

تيسلا

 

وتَبِع إيلون ماسك، المدير التنفيذي لشركة تيسلا، ذلك بتعهُّده بالاستقالة من مجلسين استشاريين لترامب في مجال الأعمال في حال سحب ترامب الولايات المتحدة من اتفاقية المناخ العالمية.

 

مايكروسوفت

 

أما براد سميش، رئيس شركة مايكروسوفت، فقال في تصريحٍ له إنَّ الشركة كانت "داعِماً راسِخاً لاتفاقية باريس"، وكانت بالتالي "مُحبَطةً من القرار الذي صدر من البيت الأبيض اليوم".

واضاف سميث إنَّ شركته قد عمِلت على مدار أشهر لإقناع ترامب بالبقاء ضمن اتفاقية باريس، إلّا أنَّ تلك الجهود لم تكن كافية في نهاية المطاف.

وقال سميث في التصريح: "لقد أرسلنا خطاباتٍ وعقدنا اجتماعاتٍ بخصوص هذه المسألة مع مسؤولين بارزين في وزارة الخارجية والبيت الأبيض. وفي الشهر الأخير، انضممنا إلى قادة الأعمال الأميركيين الآخرين لنشر إعلاناتٍ في صفحاتٍ كاملة بصحف نيويورك تايمز، ووول ستريت جورنال، ونيويورك بوست، لنحثَّ الإدارة على إبقاء الولايات المتحدة ضمن اتفاقية باريس".

وكانت شركة مايكروسوفت جزءاً من حِفنةٍ من شركات التكنولوجيا النافِذة التي وقفت وراء حملة ضغطٍ استمرت 11 ساعة لإبقاء الولايات المتحدة ضمن اتفاقية باريس قبل الإعلان الذي جرى الخميس في حديقة الورود بالبيت الأبيض.

وقالت شركة آي بي إم في بيانٍ لها إنَّ الشركة العامِلة في مجال التكنولوجيا "دعمت، ولا تزال، مشاركة الولايات المتحدة في اتفاقية باريس. إلّا أنَّ الشركة أكَّدت أنَّ رئيستها التنفيذية، جيني روميتي، ستبقى في مجلس ترامب الاستشاري الخاص بمجال الأعمال.

وذكر البيان: "تعتقد شركة آي بي إم أنَّه من الأسهل الوصول إلى النتائج عن طريق البقاء على الطاولة كمشاركٍ في الاتفاقية، بدلاً من أن تكون طرفاً من خارجها".

وفي خطاب وقَّعته ما يزيد عن 24 شركة ونُشِر كإعلانٍ من صفحةٍ كامِلة في عدة صحفٍ أميركية الخميس، قال إنَّ "التغيُّر المناخي يُمثِّل مخاطر وفرصاً تجارية على حدٍ سواء. ويعود استمرار مشاركة الولايات المتحدة في الاتفاقية بالنفع على الأعمال الأميركية والاقتصاد الأميركي من جوانب عدة".

وأعلن الرئيس الأميركي دونالد ترامب الخميس 1 يونيو/حزيران 2017، سحب بلاده من الاتفاقية، عازلاً الولايات المتحدة على الساحة الدولية وباعثاً صدمة بين الدول الـ194 الأخرى الموقعة على هذا النص التاريخي.

Disney CEO Robert Iger joins Elon Musk in resigning from the Presidents Council over his withdrawal from the Paris Accord

  • Elon Musk tweeted he is departing presidential councils with Trump decision
  • President Trump announced today he is withdrawing the US from climate deal
  • Disney CEO Robert Iger also announced he would quit Presidents Council
  • Tech executives were unanimous in their criticism of Trumps decision 
  • Scientists have slammed the decision, warning it is a major step backward 

By Cheyenne Macdonald and Ariel Zilber For Dailymail.com

Walt Disney CEO Robert Iger on Thursday joined fellow billionaire Elon Musk in resigning from the Presidents Council to protest Donald Trumps decision to withdraw from the Paris Agreement on climate change.

Musk made good on his pledge Thursday to step down from the council, leading widespread condemnation from scientists around the world over Trumps decision.

The Tesla and SpaceX CEO previously warned he would resign as a Trump advisor if the president did decide to pull out, and has now confirmed that he is departing the position.

It comes as experts say the decision is a step backward in disappointment, and warn we will all suffer the impacts of climate change.

Elon Musk
Robert Iger

Elon Musk (left) and fellow billionaire Robert Iger (right) both resigned from the Presidents Council on Thursday to protest President Donald Trumps decision to pull the US out of the Paris Agreement on climate change

Musk, the founder of Tesla and SpaceX, made good on his pledge to step down from the advisory board if Trump went ahead and quit the Paris accord

Musk, the founder of Tesla and SpaceX, made good on his pledge to step down from the advisory board if Trump went ahead and quit the Paris accord

As Trump pulls out, China said today that it will be sticking to the Paris agreement. ‘Under Paris deal, China committed to produce as much clean electricity by 2030 as the US does from all sources today,’ Musk tweeted

As Trump pulls out, China said today that it will be sticking to the Paris agreement. Under Paris deal, China committed to produce as much clean electricity by 2030 as the US does from all sources today, Musk tweeted

Iger, the Walt Disney CEO, tweeted Thursday that his decision to quit the council was a matter of principle

Iger, the Walt Disney CEO, tweeted Thursday that his decision to quit the council was a matter of principle

PARIS AGREEMENT 

The deal, which entered into force Nov. 4, 2016, requires all countries to devise plans to achieve the goal of keeping the rise in temperatures within two degrees Celsius (3.6 Fahrenheit) above pre-industrial levels and strive for 1.5 C (2.7 F) if possible.

It was reached by nearly 200 nations after it was adopted over a year ago, and could help guide a shift of the world economy away from fossil fuels.

But an analysis by the UN Environment Program warned in November that the world is still nowhere near on track to achieve the ambitious temperature goals.

In order to meet the 2-degree goal, annual emissions cannot exceed 42 billion tons of CO2 by 2030, the report said.

This means the world needs to slash its annual greenhouse gas emissions by an additional 12 billion-14 billion metric tons.

And, to have a shot at 1.5 degrees C, the analysis found the world needs to cut annual emissions by an additional 15 billion-17 billion tonAm departing presidential councils, Musk tweeted today, following the announcement at the Rose Garden.

Climate change is real. Leaving Paris is not good for America or the world.

A few hours later, Iger tweeted that he, too, would no longer participate on the council.

As a matter of principle, Ive resigned from the Presidents Council over the Paris Agreement withdrawal, the Disney CEO tweeted. 

Other executives from tech giants also criticized the presidents decision. 

Facebook founder and CEO Mark Zuckerberg wrote on Thursday that Trumps decision was bad for the environment, bad for the economy, and it puts our childrens future at risk.

For our part, weve committed that every new data center we build will be powered by 100% renewable energy, Zuckerberg wrote on his Facebook page.

Stopping climate change is something we can only do as a global community, and we have to act together before its too late.

Google CEO Sundar Pichai tweeted on Thursday that he was disappointed with todays decision.

Google will keep working hard for a cleaner, more prosperous future for all, Pichai tweeted.

Brad Smith, the president of Microsoft, wrote a lengthy post on his LinkedIn page in which he called climate change an urgent issue that demands global action.

Facebook founder and CEO Mark Zuckerberg wrote on Thursday that Trumps decision was bad for the environment, bad for the economy, and it puts our childrens future at risk

Facebook founder and CEO Mark Zuckerberg wrote on Thursday that Trumps decision was bad for the environment, bad for the economy, and it puts our childrens future at risk

Stopping climate change is something we can only do as a global community, and we have to act together before its too late, Zuckerberg wrote

Stopping climate change is something we can only do as a global community, and we have to act together before its too late, Zuckerberg wrote

We all live on a small planet and every nation needs to work with others to protect it, Smith wrote.

We’ve been a steadfast supporter of the Paris Agreement, from encouraging nations to come to an agreement in 2015 to urging the US to ratify the agreement in 2016.

We are disappointed with today’s decision by the White House to withdraw the United States from the landmark, globally supported Paris Agreement on climate change, Smith wrote.

Our experience shows us that these investments and innovations are good for our planet, our company, our customers and the economy, he wrote.   

Sundar Pichai
Brad Smith

Google CEO Sundar Pichai (left) and Microsoft President Brad Smith (right) also criticized Trumps decision

Google will keep working hard for a cleaner, more prosperous future for all, Pichai tweeted on Thursday

Google will keep working hard for a cleaner, more prosperous future for all, Pichai tweeted on Thursday

The climate accord, also known as the Paris Agreement, was designed to mitigate the growing threat of climate change, requiring all countries to keep temperature growth within two degrees Celsius (3.6 Fahrenheit) above pre-industrial levels and strive for 1.5 C (2.7 F) if possible.

Nearly 200 nations have signed onto the deal, which went into effect this past November.

With Trumps decision to pull the United States out, scientists are voicing their concerns on the potential consequences.

Eighteen months ago, the world felt hope when the global community came together in Paris to forge a path forward to halt climate change, said Cristián Samper, President and CEO of the Wildlife Conservation Society.

Today, we take a step backward in disappointment. 

The science is clear that human-caused warming of the planet and other climate change impacts are harming people, livelihoods, and wildlife, and it will get worse unless something is done to curtail it.

It is not just the climate scientists and conservationists who are raising this alarm; business leaders, economists, and national security experts are urging global action to address climate change.

According to the expert, the move is a missed opportunity for the US and for the planet, arguing that it marks the country stepping down from its historic role as an innovator, convener, and global problem solver. 

During the announcement today, Trump claimed that the Paris accord is very unfair at the highest level to the US, citing the continued ability for other major polluters – such as China – to increase their emissions in ways the US cannot.

But, as Trump pulls out, China said today that it will be sticking to the Paris agreement.

 
 
With todays announcement, experts warn the consequences of the decision will not come in isolation. Weather.com took part in the response as well, with articles such as So. What Happens to Earth Now? and Still Dont Care? Proof You Should

With todays announcement, experts warn the consequences of the decision will not come in isolation. Weather.com took part in the response as well, with articles such as So. What Happens to Earth Now? and Still Dont Care? Proof You Should

HOW THE WORLDS SCIENTISTS ARE RESPONDING TO TRUMPS DECISION TO QUIT PARIS DEAL 

President Trumps decision directly affects us, our children and grandchildren here in the United Kingdom. That is because every gramme of carbon dioxide emitted through the activities of an American or anyone else contributes to climate change.

The threat this decision poses for our future health, wealth and security is absolutely clear. We can only hope, for the sake of all global citizens, that the promised renegotiation recognises the scale and urgency of the climate challenge. 

Dr Emily Shuckburgh, Darwin College, University of Cambridge

This represents a significant and worrying foreign policy break with the vast majority of nations who recognise the risks and are signed up to the Paris Agreement. That agreement was itself the result of a consensus of the worlds leading climate experts.

America was built on looking to the future and investing in science and innovation has always been a big part of that. The future is in newer, cleaner and renewable technologies, not in fossil fuels. Such technologies will also help in our fight against air pollution and ensure greater energy security globally.

President Trump is not putting America first, he is tethering it to the past. 

- Prof Venki Ramakrishnan, President of the Royal Society

A sad day for evidence-based policy. Scientists have known for over 50 years that human greenhouse gas emissions are causing the world to warm, yet Trump ignores this evidence.

My hope is that he is ignored by his own country and that the individual citizens, businesses and states that make up the U.S.A will increase their ambition to decarbonize. 

- Piers Forster, Director of the Priestley International Centre for Climate, University of Leeds 

The United States intention to withdraw from the Paris Agreement is a disappointment, but it wont kill it. International action on climate change is assured by the deals 194 other signatories. 

If the US invests heavily in outdated fossil-fuels, the country will become progressively isolated economically and technologically while the global low-carbon economy, led by Europe and China, continues to grow without US involvement.

I and other scientists in the UK will continue to work with and support our US colleagues, whose research is key to understanding the human influence on our climate now, and projections of this association into the future. 

For us in the international science community this is a line crossed, and I expect a concerted and collective reaction to this decision from all Americans who recognise their future prosperity hangs in the balance.

-Prof Martin Siegert, Co-Chair of the Grantham Institute at Imperial CollegeUnder Paris deal, China committed to produce as much clean electricity by 2030 as the US does from all sources today, Musk tweeted, after revealing his decision to step down from the presidential council. 

The US President argued that the agreement is less about the climate and more about other countries gaining a financial advantage over the United States.

Trump said he would also end the United States participation in the United Nations Green Climate Fund.

Over the last few months, scientists have increasingly spoken out against the possibility of withdrawing from the Paris Agreement.

And, in a study conducted this past November following the election, researchers found that the majority of Americans support the countrys participation in the deal - including Trump supporters.

The climate accord, also known as the Paris Agreement, was designed to mitigate the growing threat of climate change, In a recent study, scientists found most Americans think the US should participate in the Paris Agreement 

The climate accord, also known as the Paris Agreement, was designed to mitigate the growing threat of climate change, In a recent study, scientists found most Americans think the US should participate in the Paris Agreement 

ATMOSPHERIC CARBON DIOXIDE HITS HISTORIC THRESHOLD  

The Mauna Loa Observatory in Hawaii found that levels of carbon dioxide have set a record high each year since measurements began.

After passing 400 ppm in 2013 it has climbed to more than 410 ppm as of this past April.

As levels of carbon dioxide increase this in turn traps more heat and further causes the climate to change at a quickening rate. 

If the trend continues by 2050 we will have levels of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere that have not been seen for 50 million years, experts say. 

As levels of carbon dioxide increase (pictured) this in turn traps more heat and further causes the climate to change at a quickening rate.

We will all suffer the impacts and consequences of climate change and some countries can already attest to this, said Virginia Tech Senior Research Associate Carol Franco.

The withdrawal of the US in the long run, could discourage other countries from fulfilling their pledges and commitments to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and consequently, also withdraw from the Paris Agreement.

This ultimately sends us back to the course of business as usual which will lead to temperature increases with unfortunate consequences. 

While Trump cited economic motivations, among other things, as reason to pull out of the Paris agreement, experts warn the effects of climate change will soon take a much bigger toll on taxpayers wallets. 

In a recent study, participants were asked if they think the US should participate in the Paris agreement, or if the country should not. Most said they believe the US should participate 

In a recent study, participants were asked if they think the US should participate in the Paris agreement, or if the country should not. Most said they believe the US should participate 

A study conducted last year found even Trump voters thought the US should participate in the Paris agreement, with nearly half responding this way

A study conducted last year found even Trump voters thought the US should participate in the Paris agreement, with nearly half responding this way

Rising global temperatures will cause more extreme weather events – a phenomenon already underway in some areas – and this will necessitate costly interventions, scientists argue. 

The Trump administration can change the rules and laws of the land, but it cannot change the laws of nature, said David M. Lodge, the director of the Atkinson Center for a Sustainable Future at Cornell University.

While there can be reasonable debate about how, when, and where to reduce carbon pollution, policies that deny realities of chemistry, physics, and the environment – as such a decision would – doom US taxpayers to a future of more costly responses to rising sea levels, increased droughts and floods, and damaged infrastructure.

 

كلمة التحرير كتاب واراء مختارات من الصحافة حول العالم لبنان سورية صحة بيئه ابراج نهفة اليوم إعلانات تصويت
هل ينهار الاتفاق النووي بعد إعلان استراتيجية ترمب الجديدة تجاه إيران؟


القائمة البريدية
البريد الالكتروني

Holy cow:بقرة صينيه بخمسة ارجل جمعة عادية بالبسة عادية لقادة "ايبك" وسلام حار بين بوتين وترامب ترامب: بعض المعتقلين في السعودية حلبوا بلادهم لسنوات.. وأثق بالملك ونجله ووزير سعودي : إنها الثورة! وقصة الفخ :كيف استدرج بن سلمان أمراء وأثرياء المملكة في ليلة واحدة لاعتقالهم؟.. زعيم كتالونيا المقال يصرح بلجوئه لبروكسل ويعلن قبوله إجراء انتخابات مبكرة.. لست هاربا من العدالة شاهد جورج بوش الأب يتحرش :انها التهمة الثالثة  أجمل جميلات العالم بعدسة مصوِّرة .. نشرت كتاباً من 500 صورة للفاتنات اكتشاف كوكب ياكل الكواكب الاخرى  حقيقة أم شبيهة لها؟ السيدة الأولى تظهر بجانب ترامب لكنها ليست "ميلانيا"  الفاتنة سفيرة روسيا في مونديال 2018 غارقة في الحب..  فيلم لقصة لاجئ سوري يفوز بجائزة أوسكار : أراد دفن زوجته على الطريقة الإسلامية في بلاد اللجوء..