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وفاة"ستان لي" مبتكر شخصيتي “سبايدر مان ” و”هالك”.. عن 95 عاما

رئيس التحرير
2018.12.18 16:06

  توفي الكاتب ومحرر القصص الأمريكي ستان لي مبتكر شخصيات مثل “سبايدرمان وهالك وإكس-من”، الاثنين عن 95 عامًا، وفق ما ذكرته وسائل إعلام أمريكية.

 

وأوضح موقع “تي أم زي” وصحيفة “هوليوود ريبورتر” أن ستان لي توفي الاثنين في أحد مستشفيات لوس أنجلوس.

وأحدث ستان لي في الستينات ثورة مع “مارفل” في مجال القصص المصورة الأمريكية وكان له أثر على الثقافة الشعبية العالمية من خلال ذلك.

وأصبحت شخصياته من “آيرون مان” إلى “بلاك بانثر” شخصيات أساسية في الصناعة السينمائية الأمريكية ورافقت عدة أجيال من محبي هذا النوع.

وبدأ ستان لي وهو من عائلة مهاجرين رومانيين العمل لدى “تايملي كوميكس” سلف “مارفل” في العام 1939.

وأنعش لي مجال الأبطال الخارقين من خلال شخصيات تتمتع إلى جانب قواها الخارقة بحس إنساني مؤثر ما ضمن لها شعبية كبيرة لدى الرأي العام.

وكان ستان لي معروفا بنظارات الشمس وبكنزته الخضراء، وقد تعرف عليه الجمهور أيضًا من خلال ظهوره في أفلام “مارفل”

 

ما لا تعرفه عن حياة صاحب "سبايدر مان"

 

يعود الفضل للكاتب المعروف والمحرر والناشر، ستان لي، لإظهاره شخصيات بارزة أحبها العالم مثل "سبايدر مان" و" إكس مان" و"ثور" و"الرجل الحديدي" و"بلاك بانثر" و" فانتاستيك فور"، وقد لقبه الإعلاميون ب"الكاتب الأسطورة".

 

وتوفي لي عن عمر يناهز 95 عاما في الـ 12 من نوفمبر/تشرين الثاني الحالي في لوس أنجلوس في مركز سيدرز سيناي الطبي بعد أن نُقل إليها في وقت سابق من اليوم.

 

حياة أسرية 

 
نشأ لي في عائلة يهودية، لكنه كان يصنف نفسه من " اللاأدريين" بحسب مقابلة معه في عام .
 
عاش خلال فترة 1945-1947، في شقة صغيرة اكتراها في طابق علوي في مانهاتن، نيويورك.
 
وتزوج من جون كلايتون في عام 1947، وبعدها بعامين، اشترى الزوجان منزلاً في نيويورك وعاشا فيه بضع سنوات، وأنجبت زوجته بنتين، ماتت واحدة منهما بعد أيام فقط من ولادتها، وبقيت ابنته جيه سي التي ولدت في عام 1950 وهي ابنته الوحيدة.خضع لي لعملية في القلب في عام 2012.
 
وفي يوليو/تموز عام 2017 ، توفيت زوجته جون عن عمر 95 عاما، بسكتة دماغية بعد زواج دام 69 عاماً. وكشف لي أنه كان يعاني من التهاب رئوي في وقت سابق من العام الحالي.
 
من أكثر الشخصيات التي أحبها العالم شخصية سبايدر مان و إكس مان وهالك وغيرها

حياته المهنية
 
بدأ ستان لي (مواليد مانهاتن، نيويورك 1922) نشاطه الفني والمهني عام 1939 بالمشاركة في ابتكار عدة شخصيات نالت شهرة عالمية، فإضافة إلى ما ذكر أعلاه، ابتدع شخصية "هالك" الرجل الأخضر و"ديرديفيل" و" آمن مان" وشخصيات أخرى.
 
قُدرت ثروته بما يقارب 70 مليون دولار. وكشفت إدارة الشرطة في لوس أنجلوس في يونيو/حزيران 2018 تقارير وتحقيقات مفادها أن ستان لي تعرض لسوء معاملة من قبل كبار السن.
 
قام لي ومن خلال عمله مع مجموعة من الفنانين والكتّاب مثل جاك كيربي وستيف ديتكو وغيرهم، بنقل شركة "مارفل" من مشروع صغير إلى دار نشر الكتب المصورة في العالم، وتحول لاحقاً إلى "عملاق إعلامي".
 
بدأ العمل في قسم القصص المصورة في شركة "تايملي بابليكيشينز" - التي تحولت لاحقا إلى "مارفل كوميكس" - ثم أصبح رئيسا للقسم حين كان عمره 18 عاما
 
وكتب لي لسنوات عديدة قصصاً مصورة بسيطة ركزت على موضوعات الجريمة والرعب ورعاة البقر، والتي كانت موجهة إلى القراء الشباب
 
وفي سن الأربعين، قرر لي التخلي عن القصص المصورة، إلا أن زوجته جوان حثته على ابتكار شخصيات طالما أراد الكتابة عنها
 
وفاة ستان لي مبتكر أشهر الأبطال الخارقين بشركة مارفل كوميكس للقصص المصورة
 
نجاح أحدث أفلام "الرجل العنكبوت" يرفع أسهم سوني
 
الرجل العنكبوت 2 يتصدر شباك التذاكر في أمريكا
 
وفي عام 1961، ابتكر لي، بالتعاون مع جاك كيربي، شخصيات فريق "فنتاستك فور"
 
وكانت عدة شخصيات من مارفل رائدة آنذاك. فعلى سبيل المثال كان "بلاك بانثر" أول بطل خارق أسود في سلسة قصص مصورة أمريكية
 
ومن ابتكارات لي كذلك: سيلفر سيرفر (Silver Surfer) ورجال إكس (X-Men) والرجل الحديدي (Iron Man)
 
وفي قمة نجاحها، كانت "مارفل" تبيع نحو 50 مليون نسخة في العام الواحد
 
وعكف لي على تصميم غلاف سلسة مارفي للقصص المصورة حتى تقاعد في عام 1971
 
في عام 2009 ، اشترت شركة "والت ديزني" شركة "مارفل إنترتينمنت" بمبلغ قدره 4 مليارات دولار .
 
كما اشترت معظم أفلام "الأبطال الخارقين في كل العصور بقيادة أفينجرز، إنفينيتي وورز" التي بلغت قيمتها 2.05 مليار دولار في جميع أنحاء العالم في وقت سابق.
 
وقال لي لصحيفة "شيكاغو تريبيون" في أبريل/نيسان 2014 "كنت أعتقد في السابق أن ما فعلته لم يكن مهماً للغاية، فالناس يبنون الجسور ويشتركون في الأبحاث الطبية، وهنا أبتكر قصص عن أشخاص خياليين يقومون بأشياء غير عادية ومجنونة". وأضاف:" لكنني أدركت أنه لا يمكن استبعاد وسائل الترفيه بسهولة".
 
وقال رئيس شركة ديزني والمدير التنفيذي، بوب إيجر، في بيان "لقد كان ستان لي استثنائياً مثل الشخصيات التي خلقها"، وأضاف: " كان ستان يتمتع بالقدرة على الإلهام والترفيه والتواصل، وتجاوز حجم أبطاله الخارقين حجم قلبه".
 
وأشاد رئيس ستوديوهات "مارفل" كيفن فيج بستان لي قائلاً:" لم يكن لأي شخص تأثير كبير على مسيرتي المهنية كما كان لـ لي، لقد ترك إرثاً فريداً ليعيش معنا جميعًا". مضيفاً أنه "كان صاحب قلب كبير وعبقرياً لا يتكرر عبر التاريخ".
 
 

 

Marvel Comics legend Stan Lee dies aged 95 after battling a

long illness - just a day after Tweeting a picture of himself in

WWII Army uniform on Veterans Day

  • Stan Lee died at Cedars-Sinai Medical Center in Los Angeles on Monday at the age of 95
  • The co-founder of Marvel Comics had been in declining health for the past year
  • An ambulance was called to Lees home in the Hollywood Hills early Monday 
  • The superhero stars of his movies, incuding Hugh Jackman, Ryan Reynolds, Robert Downey Jr. and Josh Brolin were quick to send in their condolences
  • His death came just one day after he tweeted a photo of himself in his WWII Army uniform on Veterans Day
  • creator of iconic superheroes like Spider-Man and The Hulk, has died.

    Lee, the face of comic book culture in the United States, died early Monday in Los Angeles after suffering a number of illnesses in recent years. 

    Lee was declared dead at Cedars-Sinai Medical Center in Los Angeles, according to Kirk Schenck, an attorney for Lees daughter, J.C. Lee. 

    Lee is survived by his daughter and only child Joan Celia, known as J.C. His wife Joan died in July last year after suffering complications from a stroke. The pair had been married for 70 years at the time of her death. 

    Scroll down for video 

    Stan Lee, the Marvel legend who revolutionized pop culture as the co-creator of iconic superheroes like Spider-Man and The Hulk, died early Monday in Los Angeles after suffering a number of illnesses in recent years

    Stan Lee, the Marvel legend who revolutionized pop culture as the co-creator of iconic superheroes like Spider-Man and The Hulk, died early Monday in Los Angeles after suffering a number of illnesses in recent years

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    JC Lee and all of Stan Lees friends and colleagues want to thank all of his fans and well wishers for their kind words and condolences, a statement on behalf of his daughter read.

    Stan was an icon in his field. His fans loved him and his desire to interact with them. He loved his fans and treated them with the same respect and love they gave him. 

    He worked tirelessly his whole life creating great characters for the world to enjoy. He wanted to inspire our imagination and for us to all use it to make the world a better place. His legacy will live on forever. Excelsior.

    Lees death came just one day after he tweeted a photo of himself in his WWII uniform for Veterans Day. 

    As the top writer at Marvel Comics and later as its publisher, Lee was widely considered the architect of the contemporary comic book. 

    He revived the industry in the 1960s by offering the costumes and action craved by younger readers while insisting on sophisticated plots, college-level dialogue, satire, science fiction, even philosophy.

    Millions responded to the unlikely mix of realistic fantasy, and many of his characters, including Spider-Man, the Hulk and X-Men went on to become stars of blockbuster films.

    With a heavy heart, we share our deepest condolences with his daughter and brother, said Marvel Comics and its owner The Walt Disney Company in a statement.

    We honor and remember the creator, voice and champion of Marvel... Every time you open a Marvel comic, Stan will be there.  

    Stan Lees creations from the X Men to Doctor Strange
     
     
     
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    Lees death came just one day after he tweeted a photo of himself in his WWII uniform for Veterans Day. He served during the war writing for training films before going back to Marvel

    Lees death came just one day after he tweeted a photo of himself in his WWII uniform for Veterans Day. He served during the war writing for training films before going back to Marvel

    Lee was recognizable to his fans with various cameos in Marvel films and TV projects. filmed a cameo in every Marvel Studios film, with Venom (pictured above) being the most recent

    Lee was recognizable to his fans with various cameos in Marvel films and TV projects. He filmed a cameo in every Marvel Studios film, with Venom (pictured above) being the most recent

    The dapper, friendly comic book genius continued to work into his 90s on numerous projects, including comics, films and DVDs. He is pictured above in 1990

    The dapper, friendly comic book genius continued to work into his 90s on numerous projects, including comics, films and DVDs. He is pictured above in 1990

    The superhero stars of his movies, including Hugh Jackman, Ryan Reynolds, Robert Downey Jr. and Josh Brolin were quick to send in their condolences along with Millie Bobby Brown and Kaley Cuoco. 

    Captain America actor Chris Evans was among those to mourn the loss on Twitter: There will never be another Stan Lee. For decades he provided both young and old with adventure, escape, comfort, confidence, inspiration, strength, friendship and joy. He exuded love and kindness and will leave an indelible mark on so, so, so many lives. Excelsior!! 

    Recent projects Lee helped make possible range from the films Avengers: Infinity War, Black Panther and Guardians of the Galaxy to such TV series as Agents of S.H.I.E.L.D and Daredevil. 

    Lee was recognizable to his fans - he had cameos in Marvel films and TV projects - his hair gray and his glasses slightly tinted. 

    I think everybody loves things that are bigger than life... I think of them as fairy tales for grown-ups, he said in a 2006 AP interview. 

    We all grew up with giants and ogres and witches. Well, you get a little bit older and youre too old to read fairy tales. But I dont think you ever outgrow your love for those kind of things, things that are bigger than life and magical and very imaginative.

    Lee considered the comic-book medium an art form and he was prolific: By some accounts, he came up with a new comic book every day for 10 years.

    I wrote so many I dont even know. I wrote either hundreds or thousands of them, he told the AP in 2006.

    He hit his stride in the 1960s when he brought the Fantastic Four, the Hulk, Spider-Man, Iron Man and numerous others to life.

    It was like there was something in the air. I couldnt do anything wrong, he recalled.  

    The late Stan Lee at his Hand & Footprint Ceremony in Hollywood
     
     
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    Old pals: Hugh Jackman, who played Wolverine in the X-Men films, posted this snap of himself with Stan, writing, Im proud to have been a small part of his legacy

    Old pals: Hugh Jackman, who played Wolverine in the X-Men films, posted this snap of himself with Stan, writing, Im proud to have been a small part of his legacy

    RIP legend:  Ironman Robert Downey Jr., shared this  snap saying, I owe it all to you

    RIP legend:  Ironman Robert Downey Jr., shared this  snap saying, I owe it all to you

    RIP Stan Lee; Ryan Reynolds in character as Deadpool kept his message to Lee simple
    Fond memory: Reynolds, 42, is pictured meeting the writer for the first time
     

    RIP Stan Lee; Ryan Reynolds in character as Deadpool kept his message to Lee simple

    Glowing tribute: John Brolin. who played both Cable and Thanos in the Marvel universe shared ths photo of the veteran, captioned, Rest in Peace Dear Stan. You  made our time here a better one 

    Glowing tribute: John Brolin. who played both Cable and Thanos in the Marvel universe shared ths photo of the veteran, captioned, Rest in Peace Dear Stan. You  made our time here a better one 

    Lee scripted most of Marvels superhero comics himself during the 1960s, including the Avengers and the X-Men, two of the most enduring. 

    In 1972, he became Marvels publisher and editorial director; four years later, 72 million copies of Spider-Man were sold.    

    CBS turned the Hulk into a successful TV series, with Bill Bixby and Lou Ferrigno portraying the doomed scientist from 1978-82. A Spider-Man series ran briefly in 1978. Both characters were featured in animated TV series as well. 

    The first big-budget movie based on Lees characters, X-Men, was a smash in 2000, earning more than $130 million at North American theaters. Spider-Man did even better, taking in more than $400 million in 2002. Share

    A Marvel movie empire would emerge after that, one of the most lucrative mega-franchises in cinema history, with the recent Avengers: Infinity War grossing more than $2 billion worldwide. In 10 years, the Marvel Cinematic Universe film shave netted over $17.6 billion in worldwide grosses. 

    Stanley Martin Lieber was born December 28, 1922, in New York. He grew up a fan of Hardy Boys adventure books and Errol Flynn movies, and got a job at Timely Comics after graduating from high school.

    Within a few months, the editor and art director quit, leaving a then 17-year-old Lee with creative control over the company. It grew and was renamed Atlas Comics and, finally, Marvel. 

    Lieber changed his name, thinking Lee would be used for silly little comics and his real name would be reserved for novels.

    His early work largely reflected popular movies - westerns, crime dramas, romance, whatever was the rage at the time. He worked for about 50 cents per page. 

    After a stint in the Army during World War II, writing for training films, he was back at Marvel to begin a long and admittedly boring run of assembly line comic book production. 

    Stan Lee and Chadwick Boseman at Black Panther in January
     
     
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    Big moment: President George W. Bush congratulates comic book legend Stan Lee after presenting him with the 2008 National Medal of Arts awar

    Stan and Joan in 2008
    Stan and J.C.
     

    Lee is survived by his daughter and only child Joan Celia, known as J.C. (right). His wife Joan (left) died in July last year after suffering complications from a stroke 

    Comics in the 1950s were the subject of Senate hearings pushed by the Comics Code Authority, which frowned on gore and characters that questioned authority. Major comic book companies adopted the code as a form of self-regulation to avoid sanctions.  

    Lee said he was also working for a publisher who considered comics as fare only for children.

    One day I said, This is insane, Lee told the Guardian in 1979. Im just doing the same type of stories as everybody else. I wasnt taking pride in my work and I wanted to quit. But my wife said, Look, why dont you do the kind of comics you want for a change?

    The result was the first issue of The Fantastic Four, in 1960, with the characters, plot and text from Lee and the illustrations by famed Marvel artist Jack Kirby.

    The characters were normal people changed into reluctant superheroes through no fault of their own.

    Writing in Origins of Marvel Comics, Lee described the quartet this way: The characters would be the kind of characters I could personally relate to; theyd be flesh and blood, theyd have their faults and foibles, theyd be fallible and feisty and - most important of all - inside their colorful, costumed booties theyd still have feet of clay.

    The Amazing Spider-Man followed in 1962 and before long, Marvel Comics was an industry behemoth.

    Lee knew his work was different, proudly noting that stories were drawn out over several issues not to make money but to better develop characters, situations and themes. He didnt neglect his villains, either. One, the Moleman, went bad when he was ostracized because of his appearance, Lee wrote, adding it was almost unheard of in a comic book to explain why a character was what he was.

    Lees direct influence faded in the 1970s as he gave up some of his editorial duties at Marvel. But with his trademark white mustache and tinted sunglasses, he was the industrys most recognizable figure. He lectured widely on popular culture.

    All of Marvels heroes Assemble for their first class photo
     
     
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    I adored his visits: Big Bang Theory star Kaley Cuoco paid a gushing tribute to Lee

    I adored his visits: Big Bang Theory star Kaley Cuoco paid a gushing tribute to Lee

    Legend: Actor Tom Hardy, who starred in Marvels Venom, kept his tribute simple, writing With the greatest of respect

    Legend: Actor Tom Hardy, who starred in Marvels Venom, kept his tribute simple, writing With the greatest of respect

    You will be missed; Stranger Things star Millie Bobby Brown posted this snap of herself with Lee

    You will be missed; Stranger Things star Millie Bobby Brown posted this snap of herself with Lee

    Revolutionary: Many other Hollywood stars took to Twitter to share condolences

    Revolutionary: Many other Hollywood stars took to Twitter to share condolences

    Sebastian Stan, who has appeared in several Avengers movies as Winter Soldier, wrote I wouldnt be here without you.

    Sebastian Stan, who has appeared in several Avengers movies as Winter Soldier, wrote I wouldnt be here without you.

    Lee moved to Los Angeles in 1981 to head Marvel Productions, an animation studio that was later purchased, along with Marvel Comics, for $50 million by New World Entertainment.

    As sales of comics declined, Marvel was forced into bankruptcy proceedings that meant it had to void a lifetime contract prohibiting Lee from working for anyone else. Lee later sued Marvel for $10 million, saying the company cheated him out of millions in profits from movies based on his characters.

    In 2000, Lee agreed to write stories for DC Comics, reinventing Superman, Batman, Wonder Woman and other signature characters for Marvels one-time rival. DC Vice President and Publisher Paul Levitz had nothing but praise when the agreement was made.

    The dapper, friendly comic book genius continued to work into his 90s on numerous projects, including comics, films and DVDs.

    In the late 1990s, he looked to capitalize on the Internet craze, offering animated Webisodes of comic-like action. Stan Lee Media also sought to reach out to Web-savvy youth through deals with pop artists the Backstreet Boys and Mary J. Blige.

    The company went bankrupt, and three men were indicted for allegedly defrauding the business in a check kiting scam. Lee wasnt implicated.

    After that initial failure, Lee formed the successful Pow! Entertainment company to launch animated Internet-based projects.

    Lees wife and partner in nearly everything, Joan Lee, died on July 6, 2017, leaving a void that made her husband, by then in mental and physical decline, vulnerable to hangers-on who began to surround him.   

    Lawsuits, court fights and an elder abuse investigation all emerged in the fight over who spoke for the elderly Lee.

    The relationship between Lee and Marvel had grown contentious in his final months however, and in May he filed a billion-dollar lawsuit against the company.

    The complaint, filed in Los Angeles County Superior Court, alleged that POW! Entertainment CEO Shane Duffy and co-founder Gill Champion failed to fully disclose to Lee details of the firms 2017 sale to Camsing International.

    Millions responded to the unlikely mix of realistic fantasy, and many of his characters, including Spider-Man, the Hulk and X-Men went on to become stars of blockbuster films

    Millions responded to the unlikely mix of realistic fantasy, and many of his characters, including Spider-Man, the Hulk and X-Men went on to become stars of blockbuster films

    The first big-budget movie based on Lees characters, X-Men, was a smash in 2000, earning more than $130 million at North American theaters. Spider-Man did even better, taking in more than $400 million in 2002

    The first big-budget movie based on Lees characters, X-Men, was a smash in 2000, earning more than $130 million at North American theaters. Spider-Man did even better, taking in more than $400 million in 2002

    Marvel legend Stan Lee gets Hand and Footprint Ceremony in 2017
     
     
     
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    Lee said that the company took advantage of him at a time when he was despondent over the death of his wife Joan and suffering from macular degeneration, a condition affecting the eyes.

    As a result, he was duped into signing an agreement giving away the rights to his image and likeness, states the complaint. 

    Lee also argued that he was unable to read the document due to his eye condition and suggested the signature on the paperwork was not his own.

    The comic-book legend was still a big part of the Marvel universe until his death though, making a cameo in every Marvel Studios film since 1993, with his most recent appearance being in Venom, which has proven to be yet another blockbuster.

    That film, released in early October, had grossed $674 million at the worldwide box office as of Sunday on a $100 million budget.

    Lee also served as an executive producer on these titles, which helped boost his fortune in a very big way in recent years.

    In fact, in the past 10 years alone, Marvel Studios has released 20 films in the Marvel universe which have made over $17 billion at the box office.

    This has easily earned it the title of the highest-grossing film franchise of all time. 

    Four of Marvel Studios pictures - Avengers: Infinity War, Avengers: Age of Ultron, Avengers and Black Panther -are among the the top 10 grossing films of all time.

    This success caused much fighting over Lees wealth in his final days. 

    His legal woes began back in January, when DailyMail.com revealed that Lee had been accused of groping his nurses in a lawsuit, which was dismissed by his daughter as a shakedown of the old man.

    Lee then sought a restraining orders against one manager and fired his road manager claiming he was victim of elder abuse.

    At the same time, some are pointing a finger at his daughter J.C, with allegations her penchant for shopping and buying luxury goods was eating away at her fathers fortune.  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
كلمة التحرير كتاب واراء مختارات من الصحافة حول العالم لبنان سورية صحة بيئه ابراج نهفة اليوم إعلانات تصويت
بانتشار الكتب الالكترونية في العالم هل ما زلت تفضل قراءة الكتب الورقية؟


القائمة البريدية
البريد الالكتروني

سعد لمجرد يطرح أحدث أغنياته “بدك إيه”بالفيديو.. استراحة "شاي ونرجيلة" على بعد أمتار من جيش الإحتلال مضمون الصورة التي عرضها بشار الجعفري في مؤتمره الصحفي؟ خطاط سوري يحيك نسخة قرآن من القماش في 12 عاماً المناولة المقدسة قد تسبب عدوى الانفلونزا  بعد الألماسة الوردية  50 مليون $ تفتح "زهرة تيتانيوم" عملاقة في إحدى مزارع إندونيسيا  انتخاب أول مثلي ومثلية ومسلمتان ولاجئة في مجلس النواب ولعضوية الكونغرس الأميركي..إحداهما فلسطينيه والاخرى ترتدي الحجاب  صلاح بن جمال خاشقجي يلقي اللوم بمقتل والده على ولي العهد بحضور الملك خلال لقائهم هجرة الجنوب الى الشمال وترامب يغلق الحدود وويستدعي الجيش