شلالات نياجارا في كندا تتجمد بسبب الصقيع

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2019.08.24 18:26

 تجمد شلالات نياجرا في كندا بسبب الصقيع - صحيفة الرأي

http://alrai.com/article/10419446/عربي-ودولي/تجمد-شلالات-نياجرا-في-كندا-بسبب-الصقيع

 
Niagara Falls partially freezes as deadly polar vortex hits the Northeast after blasting the Midwest with record-breaking -30F temperatures and leaving at least 21 dead Breathtaking photos show Niagara Falls partially frozen by the polar vortex that has blasted the Midwest   Tourists observed large chunks of ice flowing over the tremendous volume of water on Thursday   And though some photos show what looks like frozen Falls, the water actually never stops flowing underneath  The Niagara Falls winter wonderland was caused by the polar vortex that is taking aim at the Northeast   At least 21 people have died as record-breaking low temperatures wreaked havoc across the Midwest Painfully cold weather system that put much of the Midwest into a historic deep freeze lingered on Thursday Plunging temperatures continued to break historic records for a second day with lows of negative 38F At its worst, the cold snap caused temperatures to plunge to -42F on Wednesday across the Midwest  Cold settled in over the Northeast with Massachusetts, New York and Pennsylvania experiencing bitter temps

The polar vortex has turned Niagara Falls into a spectacular winter wonderland as it bears down on the Northeast. 

Temperatures dropped to -4F in Ontario, Canada, on Thursday as tourists observed large chunks of ice flowing over the tremendous volume of water. 

Ice and snow could also be seen on plants surrounding the American, Horseshoe and Bridal Veil Falls.

Breathtaking images show the ice formations created by the falling water and mist along the banks of the falls and river. 

Steam was seen rising up from the Falls because the water temperature is warmer than the freezing air. And though some photos show what looks like frozen solid Falls, the water actually never stops flowing.

According to Niagara Falls USA, ice forms on the river every winter. But the extent of the Falls actually freezing over depends on extreme cold weather lingering for long periods of time like the polar vortex events of 2014 and 2015, which can result in frozen falls photos. 

Earlier this month, photographers captured ghostly scenes of frozen portions around the Falls. 

Scroll down for video 

 
 

The polar vortex has turned Niagara Falls into a spectacular winter wonderland as it bears down on the Northeast

 
 

Temperatures dropped to -4F in Ontario, Canada, on Thursday as tourists observed large chunks of ice flowing over the tremendous volume of water

 

Ice and snow could also be seen on plants surrounding the American, Horseshoe and Bridal Veil Falls

 

Breathtaking images show the ice formations created by the falling water and mist along the banks of the falls and river

 

The Table Rock Welcome Centre overlooks a snow and ice covered American Falls, viewed from Niagara Falls, Ontario, Canada

 

Ice and snow paints the trees next to the American Falls seen from Niagara Falls, Ontario, Canada, on Thursday

 

Steam is seen rising up from the Falls because the water temperature is warmer than the freezing air

 

And though some photos show what looks like frozen solid Falls, the water actually never stops flowing

 

According to Niagara Falls USA, ice forms on the river every winter. But the extent of the Falls actually freezing over depends on extreme cold weather lingering for long periods of time like the polar vortex events of 2014 and 2015, which can result in frozen falls photos

 

Ice and water flows over the brink of the Horseshoe Falls in Niagara Falls, Ontario, Canada, on Thursday 

The polar vortex that paralyzed the Midwest has killed at least 21 people and left tens of millions of Americans shivering for a second day as temperatures plunged to record-breaking lows. 

The death toll rose from a previous 13 after at least eight more people in Chicago were reported to have died from cold-related injuries, according to Stathis Poulakidas, a doctor at the citys John H. Stroger Jr. Hospital. 

Poulakidas, a trauma specialist, said the hospital had seen about 25 frostbite victims this week. He said the most severe cases risked having fingers and toes amputated. 

The painfully cold weather system that put much of the Midwest into a historic deep freeze lingered on Thursday and continued to break historic records with parts of Illinois and Iowa recording temperatures of -38F and -30F respectively. 

Frigid conditions canceled more than 2,300 flights and caused more than 1,500 delays on Thursday.

Chicagos temperature dropped to a low of around -21F on Thursday, slightly above the citys lowest-ever reading of -27F in January 1985. Milwaukees low was -25F. Minneapolis recorded -24F, and wind chills were as low as -38F, an improvement from a day earlier. 

Rockford, Illinois, saw a record low temperature of -31F on Thursday, while Cedar Rapids, Iowa, set a daily record low of -30F.

The extreme cold also settled in over the Northeast on Thursday. In western New York, a storm that dumped up to 20 inches of snow gave way to subzero temperatures and dangerous wind chills. 

The arctic conditions caused problems from Buffalo to Brooklyn, where about 200 firefighters battling an early morning blaze in a commercial building took turns getting warm on buses. 

The phenomenon caused surreal scenes throughout the region, including Lake Michigan freezing over and blocks of ice covering the river in downtown Chicago. 

NASAs Atmospheric Infrared Sounder (AIRS) instrument (below) captured the polar vortex as it moved southward from central Canada into the Midwest from January 20 the 29th, with the purple showing the vortex at its coldest..

 

An aerial view of Chicago on Thursday shows just how much ice built up along the shore of Lake Michigan as temperatures dipped to below -20F during the past two days

 

Snow and ice covers Soldier Field in Chicago on Thursday as temperatures plummeted in the city from the polar vortex

 

Lake Michigan froze over and the city of Chicago was blanketed in ice after days of recording-breaking low temperatures

 

Boat docks in Chicago were completely covered by ice and snow on Thursday after temperatures plunged during the deep freeze

 

A view of frozen Lake Michigan during the polar vortex is seen from an airplane in Chicago, Illinois

 

People take pictures as steam rises from Lake Michigan in Chicago on Thursday 

At its worst, the cold snap caused temperatures to plunge to -42F on Wednesday across the Midwest. 

The bitter cold was caused by displacement of the polar vortex, a stream of air that normally spins around the stratosphere over the North Pole but whose current was disrupted. 

It pushed eastward and states including Massachusetts, New York and Pennsylvania were experiencing bitterly cold temperatures Thursday.

The prospect of a weekend break offered little comfort to those enduring icy conditions, brutal winds and temperatures. 

By the weekend, Chicago, which experienced near-record cold on Wednesday and Thursday, was expected to bask in snow-melting highs in the mid-40s to low 50s Fahrenheit. So will other parts of the Midwest. 

The deep freeze has caused more than a dozen deaths since Saturday with some dying in weather-related traffic accidents and others from freezing to death. 

The body of 18-year-old pre-med student, Gerald Belz, was found in the freezing cold at the University of Iowa at 3am on Wednesday.  The National Weather Service said the wind chill in Iowa at the time he was found was negative 51F degrees. 

Police found a mans body across the street from his home in the Detroit area on Wednesday. 

He was not wearing a hat or gloves and wasnt dressed for below-zero temperatures. A 70-year-old man was also found dead in Detroit in front of a neighbors home on Wednesday. 

 

Snow, ice and salt covers buildings and streets throughout downtown Chicago as temperatures dipped over the last two days

 

Ice builds up around Navy Pier in Chicago on Thursday after temperatures plunged to record lows for two consecutive days

 

Steam rises from building in downtown Chicago as the city experience painfully cold temperatures for the second day

 

Mist rises from the Chicago River on Wednesday as tens of millions continue to face freezing temperatures 

 

Water vapor rises above St. Anthony Falls on the Mississippi River beneath the Stone Arch Bridge during frigid temperatures on Thursday in Minneapolis, Minnesota

 

St. Louis, Missouri, plunged into negative temperatures during the polar vortex

 
 

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An 82-year-old central Illinois man died in the cold weather several hours after he fell trying to get into his home. 

Authorities said a Milwaukee woman, 38, was found frozen in her unheated apartment, a 60-year-old woman was found in a house in Ohio and the body of a Michigan man, 60, was found outdoors in freezing conditions.

A 55-year-old man also froze to death in his Milwaukee garage after he collapsed shoveling snow, a man was fatally struck by a snow plow in Chicago, a nine-year-old died in an Iowa pile up and a young couple were killed when their SUV struck another on a snowy road in northern Indiana.

A homeless man was also found dead at a bus shelter in Buffalo, New York on Thursday.   

Disruptions caused by the cold snap continued to persist on Thursday with power outages and canceled flights and trains.  

The blast of polar air that enveloped much of the Midwest on Wednesday closed schools and businesses and strained infrastructure with some of the lowest temperatures in a generation. The deep freeze snapped rail lines, canceled hundreds of flights and strained utilities.

Crews in Detroit will need days to repair water mains that burst on Wednesday and other pipes can still burst in persistent subzero temperatures. 

Schools in parts of Wisconsin, Minnesota, Michigan, Illinois and Iowa remained closed on Thursday. But students headed back to school in eastern North Dakota, where the weather was forecast to crawl out of double-digit sub-zero temperatures. 

Temperatures are expected to bounce back into the single digits on Thursday and into the comparative balmy 20s by Friday across parts of the Midwest. 

In the Northeast, people braced themselves for the cold with temperatures plunging to -5F in Boston, 3F in Buffalo, New York, 5F in New York City, 8F in Philadelphia and 3F in Portland, Maine, for the early morning commute. 

In comparison, temperatures plunged to as low as minus 42F in Park Rapids, Minnesota, minus 31F in Fargo, North Dakota, minus 27F in Minneapolis and minus 25F in Sioux Falls, South Dakota on Wednesday. 

Chicago dropped to a low of around -23F. Wind chills in northern Illinois made it feel as cold as negative 57F.

Temperatures in parts of the Midwest were lower Wednesday than in Antarctica, where the Amundsen-Scott South Pole Station hit -25F. 

 

The phenomenon stemming from a blast of Arctic air caused surreal scenes throughout the region, such as steam rising off the waters of Lake Michigan (above) - the result of extremely cold air passing over warmer water below

 

This drone footage captured by Soaring Badger Productions was shot along the Chicago lakefront Thursday morning when it was between -15F and -22F degrees outside

 

The fountain in New Yorks Bryant Park was frozen over on Thursday as the polar vortex moved into the Northeast

 

Ice floats along the Hudson River as the skyline of New York City is seen during freeze temperatures on Thursday

 

Mike Calen (left) and Steve Goyette (right) prepare to tie off as an ice covered fishing boat arrives at New Bedford, Mass

 

The painfully cold weather system that put much of the Midwest into a historic deep freeze was expected to ease Thursday, though temperatures still tumbled to record lows in some places

 

Water vapor rises above St. Anthony Falls on the Mississippi River beneath the Stone Arch Bridge during frigid temperatures in Minneapolis, Minnesota

The freezing conditions made it difficult for firefighters to battle various infernos, including one at a New Jersey toilet paper plant late Wednesday. 

Its freezing, Elmwood Park Police Chief Michael Foligno said. Firefighters are dealing with water on their faces and on their hands. Its spraying all over you. Regardless of your equipment, it impacts you and slows you down.

Amtrak also axed all trains into and out of Chicago on Wednesday and most services to or from Chicago on Thursday. Crews had to set rail tracks on fire to keeps trains moving smoothly on Tuesday. 

Well over 2,500 flights were canceled on Wednesday, largely out of Chicago OHare and Chicago Midway international airports, according to flight tracking site FlightAware. 

The US Postal Service also took the rare step of suspending mail delivery to parts of Indiana, Michigan, Illinois, Ohio, the Dakotas and Nebraska on Wednesday because of the dangerous Arctic blast.

The bitter cold was the result of a split in the polar vortex , a mass of cold air that normally stays bottled up in the Arctic. The split allowed the air to spill much farther south than usual. 

In fact, Chicago was colder than the Canadian village of Alert, one of the worlds most northerly inhabited places. 

Alert, which is 500 miles from the North Pole, reported a temperature that was a couple of degrees higher. 

Governors in Wisconsin, Illinois and Michigan all declared emergencies as officials in dozens of cities focused on protecting vulnerable people from the cold, including the homeless, seniors and those living in substandard housing.  

 

The polar vortex in the Midwest has brought record-breaking low temperatures across the Midwest, halted postal services in five states and canceled more than 2,600 flights. Lake Michigan (above) became a huge mass of ice.

 

The freezing conditions made it difficult for firefighters to battle various infernos, including one at a paving companys warehouse in Big Beaver Township, Pennsylvania (pictured above)

 

Ice forms on tree branches as New York firefighters battle a blaze in Brooklyn on Thursday morning

 

The sunrises over downtown Pittsburgh and a partially frozen Allegheny River on Thursday. The temperature in Pittsburgh dropped to minus 4 late Wednesday, breaking an 85-year-old record low for January 30 of minus 1 degree

 

A woman walks in the snow during a winter storm in Buffalo, New York, on Thursday

 

Frozen pants stand alone in Saint Anthony Village, Minnesota on Wednesday

 

The Minnehaha Falls in Minneapolis were completely frozen over on Thursday following the cold spell

 

Pedestrians who braved the cold weather completely covered their faces across the Midwest and Northeast on Wednesday and Thursday

 

A homeless man accepts cash from a stranger on a bitter cold morning in Portland, Maine on Thursday

Hundreds of warming centers were opened for vulnerable residents such as seniors, buses were employed as mobile warming spaces, and shelter capacities were increased for the homeless, including the approximately 16,000 living on the streets of Chicago. 

An anonymous good Samaritan paid for hotel rooms for 70 homeless people living in tents in Chicago until the cold subsides.  

In Michigan, state and utility officials warned residents that they risked brief interruptions of natural gas service if they didnt help reduce energy. The warning followed a fire at a utilitys suburban Detroit facility that affected natural gas supplies.

An emergency alert was sent late Wednesday to cellphones asking people to lower thermostats to 65F or below through Friday. Michigan Govenor Gretchen Whitmer asked everyone to to do your part.

Aside from the safety risks and the physical discomfort, the systems icy grip also took a heavy toll on infrastructure, halting transportation, knocking out electricity and interrupting water service.

Ten diesel-train lines in the Metra commuter network kept running, unlike the electric lines, but crews had to heat vital switches with gas flames and watched for rails that were cracked or broken. 

When steel rails break or even crack, trains are automatically halted until they are diverted or the section of rail is repaired. 

A track in the Minneapolis light-rail system also cracked, forcing trains to share the remaining track for a few hours.

In Detroit, more than two dozen water mains froze. Customers were connected to other mains to keep water service from being interrupted, according to a Detroit Water and Sewerage spokesman. 

Most mains were installed from the early 1900s to the 1950s. They are 5 to 6 feet underground and beneath the frost line, but that matters little when temperatures drop so dramatically.

On a typical winter day, the city has five to nine breaks, with each taking about three days to fix. But those repairs will take longer now with the large number of failures to fix.

 
 
 
 

 

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